Technology Stack For Web Applications

How To Choose Best Technology Stack for Web Application Development?

By Harikrishna Kundariya Development June 3, 2020 18 min read 98 Views

With the world going digital, the amount of businesses opting for web applications has shot up as well. Technology Stack for Web Applications has become a backbone of modern web development.

Forming a collection of a number of software and programming languages, web development stacks are the structure to every application. These include the framework, the server, the programming language and more.

Any Premium Web Application Development Company will tell you the importance of this technology stack.

They not only help in developing the application but also in ensuring its efficiency, quality, and productivity.

Read on to know all that there is to technology stack for web applications and its importance in web application development.

1. What Is A Technology Stack For Web App Development?

Choosing a technology stack for web development warrants one to understand the process of development of a web application.

To help you get a head-start, here are two vital sides of web application development – client-side programming and server-side programming.

Also, knowing the Cost To Develop A Web Application Development is vital.

Client-Side Programming

The client-side, or the front-end, web application development includes everything that a user sees on his or her screen. The major components of the front-end stack include:

JavaScript: JavaScript helps make a web page interactive. One can choose from multiple JavaScript frameworks and libraries to ensure a quicker and seamless web development.

HTML and CSS: While Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) directs the display of web page content on a browser, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) styles the content. One can rely on Bootstrap as a framework to manage both HTML and CSS.

Client-Side-vs-Server-Side

Server-Side Programming

The server-side programming includes an application, along with a back-end programming language to power it; a server; and a database. Although the server-side is not visible to users, it helps power the client-side programming.

The main challenge, however, is choosing the server-side technology in your web application development.

The programming languages within the server-side help in creating the logic of applications and websites. Their frameworks, in turn, offer multiple tools with which you can ensure faster coding.

The database is needed for the application to store all its data. The database can be one of the two types – relational or non-relational. Some of the most common databases include MySQL and PostgreSQL that are relational, and MongoDB, which is non-relational.

The database also needs a cache system that can reduce its load and manage large traffic. The server is required to manage the requests from client computers.

In order to develop a web application, one needs front-end tools, a database, a server, a framework, and a programming language in place. All of these are together called a stack.

2. Defining Structure Of Your Web Project

The technology stack is a combination of various tools and programming languages that form the backbone of your application. Here is what forms the defining structure of your web project.

Front-End

The front-end of the technology stack forms the visual part of the product. In short everything the users see forms the front-end.

Back-End

The back-end of the technology stack is the supporting system for the front-end. This forms the segment behind the scenes that the customers cannot interact with. They serve the purpose of logic creation.

Databases

Database is collated information that includes data records and files. There are a number of databases to choose from, including MySQL, PostgreSQL, Redis, Elasticsearch, MongoDB, each with their pros and cons.

API

An application programming interface (API) forms a connection between the client and the server along with helping in transfer data to and from a database.

Server Architecture

The developers require a place to write down the codes of the application on. That’s where the server comes into the picture.

The choice of server depends on a number of criteria such as the cost, its reliability, its performance, the scalability it offers, its ease of management, and its availability.

3. Exploring The Web App Infrastructure

Well, that’s the basics covered. Let’s move on to the web application infrastructure.

One Web Server & One Database

This is a basic infrastructure often used in smaller and simpler projects. Running a web application on a single server and database is a risk one can do well without.

Imagine if the server goes down! There is no backup and the web app will be unavailable throughout that duration. This is, therefore, not a structure recommended for businesses.

Two Web Server & One Database

Two servers and a database is surely safer and more reliable. However, having a single database still poses a risk, irrespective of having two servers.

In this case, it is best to have the database set up on another system altogether rather than on one with the servers.

This ensures seamless horizontal scalability. The database on a separate system or machine will also ensure the safety of the data.

Two or more Web Server & Databases

Among the three, this is undoubtedly the most foolproof web infrastructure. For large companies and enterprises, this is the most widely used plan.

With the database duplicated and then installed in separate machines, you can ensure the seamless working of the application even if one database malfunctions.

4. The Technology Stack for Web Applications We Utilize At eSparkBiz

Keeping in mind the frequent updates as well as the need of the hour, our team of stack developers at eSparkBiz are dedicated to offering customized web application solutions to clients in order to help them scale up.

Technology-Stack-esparkbiz

With advanced versions of technology that range from varying platforms, libraries and servers to frameworks, ODBC and more, we make sure that the web development stacks we curate for you helps create quality products at a faster pace.

Taking your business needs into consideration, we reform the technology stack for web application to make necessary additions. Read on to find out the various web development stack options to choose from:

5. Exploring Various Technology Stack Options

For some projects, one may need more than just a single web development stack. In order to help you understand the different technology stack for web application development and customise your own.

Here are some of the most popular technology stacks among developers that are used worldwide. These are ideal when you need a bulk of technologies:

MEAN Stack

MEAN stack involves a number of open source technologies that are based on JavaScript.

This technology stack for web development uses MongoDB as its database that makes it easier to send and receive data between the server and client side, Express.JS as its backend framework, and Angular.JS as its front-end framework.

While Express.JS uses JavaScript to help developers build software on the server side, Angular.JS eliminates a number of codes to help reduce time to market and is compatible with tablets, smartphones, desktops, smart televisions, and laptops. The Node.JS, too, offers an efficient runtime and is lightweight.

LAMP Stack

One of the earliest stacks to be in use, LAMP stack involves the Linux operating system, Apache server, MySQL as its database and PHP as its programming language.

The stack consists of open source software, making it viable to be used with other open source software development stack. The OS used in this web development stack is stable and secure.

The programming language can be substituted with Python or Perl. The server can also be interchanged with Nginx while the database can be replaced with MariaBD.

.NET Stack

The .NET stack comes with a framework that has been tested and proven capable creating dynamic web applications.

In fact, Microsoft’s technology stack for web application boasts of the .NET framework along with the C# programming language being its most vital feature.

The .NET stack consists of more than 60 frameworks, platforms, libraries, SKDs that spread throughout over 13 layers. The stack is, therefore, highly independent as well as inter-operable where programming language is concerned.

It is also one of the most secure stacks, able to keep most attacks at bay. With portability and speed as its vital feature, the .NET stack is highly favoured among developers.

Ruby on Rails Stack (ROR)

Ruby on Rails Stack comes with a high library integration. These libraries are termed as gems by the developers. The framework within this technology stack for web applications is extremely scalable and also comes with a built-in database along with being MySQL compatible.

Where one would need to type in several lines in MySQL to pull any data from the database, Ruby on Rails allows you to do so by just typing a few words This speed helps in cutting short the development time significantly.

That’s why many Companies are using Ruby on Rails nowadays.

Python-Django Stack

The Python-Django stack involves the Python programming language as the base and the Django framework. The stack uses MySQL as its database and the Apache web server.

The Python-Django stack ensures quick development while keeping the quality intact. In case of a smaller time frame, this web development stack can be an ideal choice to build web software or to curate a minimum variable product of a web application.

6. How Not To Choose a Technology Stack For Web Development?

Choosing the best technology stack for web applications is not an easy task.

Keeping in mind the expenses you are likely to incur, reforming or modifying the technology stack you have already chosen may prove to leave behind an even greater dent.

Here’s how you shouldn’t choose the web development stack when making your decision:

Don’t Decide Based on Competitor Analysis

One of the greatest mistakes people make while choosing a technology stack for web development is making decisions based on competitor analysis.

While it is certainly wise to take cues from your observation, you need to do something different to be better than your rivals. Doing the same thing as your competitors will only make you as good as them.

Don’t Decide Based on Personal Preferences

Yet another folly would be depending on your personal preferences. Unless you have a really strong knowledge about a technology stack web applications, it is best to rely on expert opinion to make your choice.

If you’d still rather rely on your own instincts, make sure you educate yourself about web application development to make the right choices.

Don’t Decide Based on Previous Projects

Keep in mind that technology is updated more frequently than you pick up projects.

While your last web development stack may have worked splendidly for you, it is likely that there have been quite a few moderations to it, making it vital that you choose again without the bias of a previous success.

Rather than choosing based on how it worked for you before, research once again to see which would work in the current scenario.

Don’t Decide Based on Online Research

The internet has been our go-to for almost everything since its inception. However, relying solely on online research can cost you more than you are willing to pay, owing to the high chances of you making an incorrect choice.

People may all have opposing opinions that will only confuse you rather than help make the right decision. And since choosing a technology stack is more an experience-based decision, it is best to steer clear on online suggestions.

7. Criteria For Choosing the Best Technology Stack for Web Applications

Now that you know what mustn’t be done while choosing the best technology stack for web applications, here’s what should be taken into consideration:

Crieteria-Technology-Stack

Type Of Application

Technology stacks are tools that help create web applications. Before you purchase any tool, it is crucial to decide what kind of application you are intending to build.

The simpler the web application, the baser the tool you would need. Similarly, mid-level and complex web applications may require more software than just one.

Along with the type of web application, it is also important to realize your business goals due to their ability to impact your technology choice.

If your project needs a website application with low latency, you would need to opt for different technology stacks as compared to when you need heavy load processing applications.

Time To Market

If you are a start-up or a small business, time to market is an important aspect to consider. The quicker you are able to develop your application, the faster you will be able to release it to your users.

This will, undoubtedly, put you ahead of your rivals. Further, lesser time equates lower development cost, making it more affordable. However, the time to market depends majorly on the technology stack you opt for.

Cost

If you need your ideas turned into a tangible application, it would certainly cost you. Your choice of technology stack directly impacts its cost of development.

The two major components involved in the cost of web application development include – the developers’ salaries and the app maintenance cost.

Security

Everything is digital today, including most crimes. Cyberattacks are some of the biggest threats to the security of online businesses with financial losses amounting to trillion dollars annually.

It is only evident that you would need to opt for a technology that is apt to curate a secure application.

While it would be foolhardy to say that you can find a technology that is 100% secure, your focus should be on choosing the ideal tool before following safety guidelines.

Ensure that the web application you create follows the security guidelines to keep threats at bay.

Scalability

The main goal behind creating an application is certainly to make it grow. Scalability, however, can be vertical as well as horizontal.

While you enjoy the popularity of the app with a higher number of users (horizontal scalability), you can also add new components to the application (vertical scalability) while keeping its quality and performance intact.

Project Size

The size of the project is yet another aspect that can greatly impact the choice of technology stack for you. The bigger the project, the more complex the choice of tech stack.

Experience

When it comes to developing an application, is it vital that you put your current skills and experience to good use.

If your team currently has someone experienced in a particular programming language, you can make use of your strong points to ensure that the application is created on a strong foundation rather than working with something you are unacquainted with.

Defining Requirements

Chalking down your requirements is another criteria you need to fulfil. This includes finding out your target audience, their interests, their age and more in order to meet user expectations.

You also need to define how complex the project would be. Once you have these queries answered, you would be better equipped to figure out the technology stack most apt for your business.

Analyzing Recent Trends

While it is essential to use apps that have been widely used before, it is also vital that you keep the recent trends in mind. The tech stack you use will not only be in use now but also in the future, making it crucial to opt for something that will be well in use in the future too.

Licensing

While choosing a web technology stack, make sure you opt for open source solutions. These are available free of cost and also allow modifications as required for your project. The cost of development, too, is lowered in this case along with the maintenance cost in the future.

Bug Testing

An important point to note is that many companies end up losing hours of productivity in fixing bugs that could very well have been prevented by bug testing right at start.

Make use of technology that offers easy testing or ones where creating quality apps speedily while keeping bugs to a minimum is guaranteed.

Developer Community

There may be times when you are using technology that come with issues that are tricky to solve.

You can save a great deal of time by opting for technologies that have a good amount of documentation citing problem statements and solutions and a developer community that can help in fixing or overcoming these issues.

Maintainability

This is a vital factor to be considered while choosing a technology stack web applications.

The technologies you choose will help determine how seamlessly you can manage the maintenance of the app even as you scale higher.

The app maintenance depends on two crucial components – the architecture of the web application and the codebase.

Target Audience

You need to identify and understand your target audience before you begin working on your project. This includes finding out their demography, their age, the familiarity with technology, and what would make them consider using your web app.

Business Objective

The objective of your business not only determines the scale of your project but also the choice of technologies and vice versa. Keep in mind the processing load and latency to ensure a seamless functioning of the application.

Ease Of Testing

Testing forms a crucial part of effortless functioning of any web application. Be sure to choose technologies that are easy to test.

8. Things To Keep In Mind While Developing A Web App

Developing the best technology stack for web application requires certain considerations to be kept in mind. Here are some of them:

Clear Specification

Make sure you have clear specifications chalked down to help your developers give you the right estimate. This will help you plan your expenses without going overboard and eliminate any ambiguity.

Creation of MVP

A minimum viable product (MVP) example will not only be inexpensive but will also help you identify every error that can be avoided while developing the final product.

Using Ready-Made Solutions

Remember, you can always use ready-made solutions rather than creating something from scratch.

Utilizing Cloud Hosting

Making use of cloud hosting solutions for web projects is sure to be affordable and effective. Cloud hosting is reasonably priced and is ideal for unpredictable traffic on the website.

Thinking In Advance

When making your decision, be sure to think of the long run ahead. Ensure that the technology is stable and secure and that your app has a strong infrastructure to rely on. This can help avoid large-scale issues in the future.

9. Technology Stack Behind Successful Web Projects

There is a lot you know about choosing the best technology stack for web applications by now and we’re sure many of you are curious about the technology some of the most successful web projects are using. Let’s take a look:

Airbnb

Airbnb, a popular hospitality service that is known worldwide to help people find rental accommodation, uses Ruby on Rails technology stack.

Shopify

Shopify is yet another successful web project that relies on Ruby on Rails as its base.

Instagram

Popular social media application, Instagram, is based on Python.

Quora

Quora, a question-answer website uses Python as its base technology.

Product Hunt

Product Hunt, a website that allows sharing of product information, is based on Ruby on Rails.

CodeAcademy

CodeAcademy, an educational platform for coding, is built on Ruby on Rails.

Pinterest

Pinterest is built on Python technology.

Reddit

Reddit is yet another platform built on Python.

Facebook

Facebook involves Apache web server, PHP programming language, and MySQL database.

YouTube

Popular video sharing platform, YouTube, uses Python as its base technology.

Uber

Uber is yet another application that runs on Python.

Netflix

The tech stack for Netflix, the most popular streaming platform lately, includes Java, MySQL, Node.JS, Hadoop, Flask, Dynomite, and Amazon RDS.

Slack

The tech stack for Slack includes Java, PHP, JavaScript, MySQL, Apache HTTP, and React.

HubSpot

Hubspot includes MySQL, Java, Swift, Kafka, Amazon S3, Hadoop, HBase etc as part of its technology stack.

eBay

The technology stack for eBay includes JavaScript, Node.JS, Java, ES6, Apache Tomcat, Cassandra, Hadoop, Oracle, and Marko.

Read also: Top 12 Essential Full Stack Developer Skills To Look Intos

10. Picking A Technology Stack As Per Project Requirements

Having read everything above, it is evident that choosing a technology stack requires a great deal of thought and consideration. However, the bottom line is, choose the stack depending on your project requirement.

Irrespective of what popular projects and applications are using, you must take the pros and cons of every component into account, keeping your business goal in mind.

The wrong choice could very well cost you a great deal more than you are willing to shell out. If you are unsure, you can always ask for professional consultation to help understand the benefit of each technology stack for web application development.

Conclusion

Like every other decision you make, choosing the best technology stack for web application for your business also requires a great deal of research, experience, and expert opinion.

By understanding the basics of technology stack for web development, you can make a more informed choice to help lay the groundwork for your project.

We hope you had a great time reading this article and it proves to be of a great value. Thank You.!

FAQ

A technology stack is basically a combination of software products and programming languages by which you can create a web or mobile application.

Technology Stack and its choice vary from one application to the other. Each application has its own set of requirements and based on that, the best technology stack keeps on changing. So, there can be a fixed solution for this.

There are certain criteria based on which you can easily choose the technology stack. Some of the most common ones are as follows:

Type Of Application
Time To Market
Cost
Security
Scalability
Project Size

Capital One is making use of the following technology stack.

Product & Design: Adobe Creative Cloud, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop, Atlassian Confluence, Flinto, Google fonts, InVision. Sketch, Trello, VersionOne, Zeplin

Support & Sales: Bazaarvoice, IBM Tealeaf, OpinionLab, Usabilla

Productivity & Development: Agari, Atlassian Confluence, Dropbox, Microsoft Office 365, Slack, Trello, VersionOne

Analytics: Adobe Analytics, Optimizely

If you’re looking to build modernized web applications, then you should choose one of the following web technologies:

ReactJS
RoR
Angular
Node.js
CakePHP
Yii
Laravel

There are 4 major things that you should avoid while making a choice for the web application technology stack. They are as follows:

Competitor Analysis
Personal Preferences
Previous Projects
Online Research

HTML is an acronym for Hyper Text Markup Language. So, HTML is not a pure web technology, but it can be combined with CSS and JS to build documents that can be displayed through the web browser.

Technology Stack For Web Applications

Disclaimer: We at eSparkBiz Technologies have created this blog with all the consideration and utmost care. We always strive for excellence in each of our blog posts and for that purpose, we ensure that all the information written in the blog is complete, correct, comprehensible, accurate and up-to-date. However, we can’t always guarantee that the information written in the blog correct, accurate or up-to-date. Therefore, we always advise our valuable readers not to take any kind of decisions based on the information as well as the views shared by our authors. The readers should always conduct an in-depth research before making the final decision. In addition to these, all the logos, 3rd part trademarks and screenshots of websites & mobile apps are the property of the individual owners. We’re not associated with any of them.

Harikrishna Kundariya

Harikrishna Kundariya

Harikrishna Kundariya, a marketer, developer, app lover, technology savvy, designer, co-founder, Director of eSparkBiz @Mobile App Development Company where you can Hire Mobile App Developer. His 8+ experience enables him to provide digital solutions to new start-ups based on app development.

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