“The future of mobile is the future of online. It is how people access online content now.”
You will find a smartphone with almost everyone today. Smartphones are available with more than 36% of the world’s population. It makes the numbers huge. With the increase in the number of smartphones comes the need for more mobile applications. More people turn to mobiles nowadays than depend on their laptops or desktops.
With the increased use of mobile phones, businesses realized that they should develop mobile apps. It is what will keep them visible to the public. Mobile apps helped companies to improve business. They created more leads that became sales. But mobile apps had to be made separately for Android, iOS, and Windows. React Native and Xamarin changed the scenario. Let us see how.
Below are the points we discuss in this article:
- Mobile App Development
- Advantages & Disadvantages of Using Native Frameworks
- Pros of Cross-Platform Development Frameworks
- Understanding The Competitors
- Advantages of React Native
- Advantages of Xamarin
- React Native And Xamarin Comparison
- The Comparison In Short
- Who Is The Winner?
— eSparkBiz (@eSparkBiz) January 29, 2019
As more businesses wanted to have their mobile apps, there is a lot of work for mobile app developers. Apps are being developed and deployed in the thousands every day. It is an excellent way to make money for app developers, businesses and app stores.
There is a need for developers to build the apps for iOS, Android and Windows platforms. Usually, apps for iOS were developed using Swift / Objective -C. Java was the language used for apps in Android platforms.
The introduction of React Native and Xamarin helped developers to use the same codes for creating apps in both iOS and Android platforms. It saves a nice amount of time and money. These apps are useful by themselves but different in many ways.
2. Advantages & Disadvantages of Using Native Frameworks
When developing apps for different platforms, it is better to use native frameworks. You can develop apps for Android using Java and apps for iOS using Swift or Objective C. You develop two separate apps for Android and iOS platforms.
The advantage of using native frameworks is that they will get new features first. The frameworks will gain support as the OS is in development. The user gets a better experience with the interface. All apps developed for the platform will have the same look and feel.
The disadvantages are many. You have to write the same code two times for each platform. The languages are different. The approaches and the method to build the GUI are different. It can be challenging.
3. Advantages of Cross-Platform Development Frameworks
The platform-specific frameworks allow developers to create apps for only one platform. It means that the developers have to write the same code two times. The process becomes very time-consuming. The app development cycle is long. A long development cycle means that the app will cost more for the client.
The introduction of cross-platform frameworks has helped in creating apps much faster. It helped the developers to use the same code for both platforms. App development programs become cheap.
There is no need for developers to learn two languages. They can write programs for different platforms with the same language. They can design the GUI using the same tools. There is a big advantage of not having to duplicate the codes. Still, you can create custom UI for both platforms.
React Native and Xamarin are the two cross-platform frameworks which have helped create apps for both mobile platforms. Developers use these frameworks to offer the best experience to the user of apps in all devices.
Despite that fact that both these frameworks offer easy creation of mobile apps for both platforms, they have their fundamental differences. Let us see how they differ and are similar. We will see why these apps have become the favorites of app developers.
Before we go into the comparison, let us first get introduced to both the frameworks.
4. Understanding The Competitors
This interaction creates reactive cross-platform applications for iOS and Android. It is popular among startups as it is entirely free. There is no need for any extra money to be spent.
Microsoft owns Xamarin. It is a framework that uses C# as the language. It was started to enable the creation of cross-platform mobile software.
Xamarin can be used to create apps for iOS, Mac OS, Android, and Windows.
Xamarin iOS library and Xamarin Android library of classes for C# enable access to the SDK of both platforms. The framework contains iOS and Android compilers. There is also a Visual Studio Plugin.
Xamarin is an open source. It gets the latest updates very fast. It gets tested very frequently. It is considered the most updated framework among all cross-platform frameworks.
5. Advantages of React Native
This framework was the result of a search for an alternative mobile app development framework. It combines mobile app development with Native React environment. The mobile app developers have been supporting the structure and sharing of knowledge among themselves. So, you should Hire React Native Developer for your organization.
With React Native you can use the same deployment code on both mobile platforms. It saves on cost and reduces the time taken for development. You can use almost all codes for iOS and Android. It only needs a slight alteration.
You can watch the changes in real time. You can open two windows. You can make the changes to the code in one window. You can view the mobile screen in the other window. You can see the effect of the changes you make to the codes.
This framework performs in a better way. React Native uses the Graphics Processing Unit instead of the CPU, unlike the other frameworks.
As React Native runs on the React framework, it allows developers to build on it quickly. They can easily create upgrades for web apps. As the programming logic is easy to understand, testers can create the right testing situations. There is a significant saving on time which is essential for business enterprises.
- The framework enjoys the support of a large developer community
- 90% of the codes can are useful for both iOS and Android. Time and cost savings.
- You can view changes in real-time. It makes work faster and more accurate.
- Use of the Graphics Processing Unit allows for more robust performance.
- Working on the Reach framework makes updating easier.
- Program logic, allows test situations to develop quickly.
6. Advantages of Xamarin
Xamarin uses C# and .NET framework when you create apps for iOS and Android. So, you can reuse 96% of the source code. You can build all the apps using these codes.
You can give the best user experience with Xamarin when you use Xamarin. Forms tools to create the apps for iOS, Android and Windows, the UI elements become platform specific elements. These provide the best user experience.
Xamarin.Forms also help in making the development process faster. It is beneficial for new clients. You can use Xamarin.iOS and Xamarin.Android to customize the UI.
In Xamarin App Development you can connect to native libraries. You can use the plug-ins and APIs of the specific platform. It allows for solving problems related to hardware compatibility. It also allows for functionality and customization at lesser costs.
Xamarin is open source and is available with Visual Studio under the MIT license. It makes it very economical. The absence of license cost helped the framework grow. App developers consider Xamarin dependable and robust.
Xamarin is easy to maintain and update. If you update the source files, both apps in iOS and Android get updated. It helps to keep the apps updated at all time. It also saves money.
- 96% of the codes are reusable as it uses C# and .NET framework
- The user gets the best user experience with the UI as they become platform-specific.
- Forms help in speeding up the development process.
- Using Xamarin allows for solving hardware related problems due to the use of platform plug-ins and APIs.
- You can improve functionality and customization at a lesser cost.
- There is no license cost as it is available with Visual Studio under MIT license
- App developers like the dependability and power of the framework.
- It is cheaper to maintain and update.
7. React Native And Xamarin Comparison
We will see how using these frameworks will affect a business when they try to develop an app. This comparison is not only in the view of the developer.
Licensing & Cost
- Both React Native and Xamarin are open-source frameworks. Makes them both free.
- React Native was free from the beginning. Acquisition by Microsoft made Xamarin free.
- There is a clause in Facebook that makes React Native less suitable for commercial apps
- Xamarin becomes a little less risky when using for business apps.
- React Native uses a framework that flows in one direction.
- Xamarin uses the design pattern of MVVM
- The preference to either depends on the developer.
Use of IDE
- React Native is very flexible when it comes to using IDE. It can work with any platform or text editor.
- Xamarin can only work with Visual Studio due to the peculiar nature of C# coding.
- Using any other IDE with Xamarin is almost impossible.
- For a company that is getting the app developed by an app developing company, this is not something to worry.
- React Native is the winner when it comes to using IDE.
- Ease of learning programming language will affect the developer costs.
- If the framework requires developers to learn an ambiguous language, the cost of developing will increase.
- Both languages are easy to learn, and so developer costs may not vary.
Easy to Work With
- Ease of use of the framework will influence the speed of development
- Visual Studio is a very popular IDE that has many features that make the developer’s work easy and simple.
- React Native is flexible with IDE. Developers can choose the one that they know well.
- With React Native the ability to see changes real-time makes work very easy.
- Both frameworks have built-in components to speed up work.
- Developers can run fast codes on both iOS and Android when using Xamarin.
- Xamarin supports 64-bit mode and faster UI because it can directly use native tools.
- React Native doesn’t support 64-bit in Android. You can’t run fast codes in iOS.
- Xamarin is the winner when it comes to performance.
- Xamarin can integrate better with OS and native features.
- There are widgets available with Xamarin that gives a more native look and feel to the applications.
- With React Native you have to customize the application to get a native look manually.
- Xamarin is better in terms of scalability.
- React Native is faster for installation. The developer can complete the app faster.
- Xamarin takes longer to install
- You have to install Visual Studio and download components. You also have to download other screens. It takes longer and is thus less productive.
- It is more comfortable with Xamarin as you can debug in XCode simulator for iOS.
- With React Native you have to use the Android Emulator to debug.
Top Users for Both Platforms
- React Native – Facebook, Instagram, Airbnb, Walmart, Skype, Tesla, etc.
- Xamarin – Slack, Siemens, Honeywell, etc.
- It is a tie when it comes to users. It all depends on the developer the companies must have used.
8. The Comparison In Short
Costs are almost the same for both. But Xamarin’s licensing policy is more straightforward and easy.
With React Native you can choose the IDE. But Xamarin is more rigid in this.
The languages used by both are popular and quickly learned. The choice of the framework depends on the developer.
9. Who Is The Winner?
The only thing that can be an obstacle is the patent clause laid down by Facebook. If your app is going to part of a patented product, then it could pose a risk. There is also the issue of a lack of available components currently. It may change soon.
Xamarin is a good choice if your team is proficient in Visual Studio. They should be expert C# developers. Xamarin has a more conventional approach to coding. It uses the MVVM design pattern with two-way bonding. It is better when developing a cross-platform mobile app.
When it comes to licensing issues, Xamarin is much safer. There would be no risk even if your app become a commercial.
While Xamarin allows the use of 96% of its codes for both platforms, React Native only has 90% codes which can be common for iOS and Android. But if you consider the speed of rendering the RN is the best.
The best way to decide is to see the language familiar to the developers.
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