React Native vs Xamarin: Which Is The Best Cross-Platform Framework?

Building React Native and Xamarin have simplified mobile applications! Picking the right tool for the perfect and smooth creation of an application is not easy. So, browse the comparative study of these to top tools in terms of their market share, market share, development environment, and learning curve, amongst others.

React Native vs Xamarin: Which Is The Best Cross-Platform Framework?

If you have been searching for cost-effective frameworks to build mobile applications, then you might have heard of React Native vs Xamarin. 

These frameworks possess cross platform abilities, and their popularity has been growing amongst the programming community. 

They are open-sourced and help build apps that yield a higher performance. React Native App Examples are proof of that.

React Native vs Xamarin- Why is a comparison necessary? To advise you on which is the best, Xamarin or React Native. 

As you progress further into this article, you will find out what sets the two apart and, therefore, discover which framework is best for you. 

Let’s start by understanding what they both offer and their advantages. 

Overview of Cross-Platform Framework: React Native Vs. Xamarin

What Is React Native?

A 5-year-old JavaScript framework, generated by Facebook to develop Android majorly and iOS applications. The apps thus created will be more improved than a regular app or hybrid app. It can effortlessly conquer limitations imposed by Hybrid apps. 

react-native-vs-xamarin-google-trend

What Is Xamarin?

It was founded in 2011 and subsequently purchased by Microsoft in 2016, who made it an open-sourced platform. This allows the creation of modern applications for iOS and Android phones using C#. It also enables the sharing of about 90% of the apps created through platforms. 

Benefits Of React Native

Simplified Development

 It works with a masterful approach. Such a type of programming attitude ensures programmers observe a pattern of steps for user interface creation. 

Thus, simplifying the procedure of app evolution. Furthermore, the framework will help in easy maintenance and faster launching of apps created. 

Reusing Code

It permits programmers to deploy similar systems for apps on Android and iOS. 

This helps to slash the evolution time along with the costs spent by half. Also, about 90% of the code that is created can be reused amongst iOS and Android. 

Modular and intuitive Architecture

 This framework helps developers formulate code for apps into contrasting chunks. 

It adopts GPU (Graphics processing unit), unlike the most commonly used CPU (central processing unit). Furthermore, it ensures code flexibility and simple upgradation of application.  

Hot reloading

This feature allows the app to run while the developers inject new variants at run time. 

In layman’s terms- only the file changed will be refreshed and not the entire app. This protects from data loss and comes handy when minute adjustments to UI are required. 

Allows easy conversions of web projects into mobile phone apps-

Since the code is reusable, necessary updates could make it worthy of numerous platforms. 

This enables the remodelling of web projects into mobile phone apps. Its interface is very intuitive and best for QA engineers. 

Benefits Of Xamarin

react-native-cta-first

Contains uncomplicated bindings

The bindings are powerfully typed and consequently ensure uncomplicated use and navigation. 

A framework with powerfully typed binding leads to top-quality apps with fewer runtime errors. The checking is a dominant compile-time type and happens simultaneously with development.  

Independent development environment

Its platform is complete with a visual studio, which is a contemporary IDE that consists of features such as integrated source control, template libraries, auto-completion, along with a smooth solution. 

UX is like Native

The UI aspects employed are platform-specific that help deliver an immaculate user experience. 

It does this by using Xamarin.Forms tool for changing app’s UI components. It is perfect when making apps with cross-platform abilities.  

Robust library

This library grants reusing of code numerous times to ensure the creation of a native UI for iOS, Windows, or Android. The framework enables the developer to attain more than 40 controls and layouts. 

Provides cross platform assistance

It helps write apps that are written in a manner that allows sharing 90% of the code. The API will be the same across the platforms that help save up time to market the app. 

Brands Using React Native

Brands-Using-React-Native

  • Facebook 
  • Bloomberg 
  • Airbnb 
  • Instagram 
  • Uber 
  • Vogue- fashion magazine  
  • Soundcloud 
  • Tesla 

Brands Using Xamarin

Brands-Using-Xamarin

  • Pinterest 
  • The World Bank 
  • Kelloggs 
  • Aviva 
  • YouTube 
  • Bosch 
  • Honeywell

React Native vs Xamarin: Summary Table

Attributes React Native Xamarin 
Performance It bears resemblance to Native codes  It is somewhat similar to Native codes
Backed/Created by  By Facebook in the year 2015 By Microsoft in the year 2011
Procedural Language used  It makes used of the JavaScript, Objective-C, Java and Swift   It makes use of C# and .NET environment  
GUI It uses near native style UI controllers It uses the native UI controllers 
Reusability of code  About 90% of code created can be reused  About 96% of the code created can be reused 
Community support  Has an immensely b community support to aid developers  Provides the best community support for new developers 
Cost/price  Is open-sourced and hence completely free  A license for Visual Studio is required 

React vs Xamarin: A Parameter-Based Comparison

Criterion #1: Availability

React Native is open-sourced and is the true definition of being open-sourced. It lets swift development of apps occur as it uses JavaScript, which is a popularly used language. 

Hence, there are numerous programmers available proficient with this framework, making it a clear winner.

Xamarin too is open-sourced; however, it uses C# language, which is usually restrictive. 

Although it offers specific features, they come with restrictions on its free versions. But the apps produced can be used offline as Microsoft’s Azure System seconds it.

Criterion #2: Technology

React Native utilizes JavaScript, a language that is a programmer’s favourite. If you are familiar with JavaScript, you can quickly develop apps using it. 

Developers will be able to write code promptly and support a quick preview of the app created.

Xamarin exercises C# or .NET languages, which render almost 99% of code written, reusable for uncomplicated creations of iOS or Android apps. 

The framework provides a robust native platform integration, editor, as well as debugging tools by granting app compilation on Visual Studio.

react-native-cta-second

Criterion #3: Popularity

React Native has 88.1K stars on GitHub and 12207 forks as per the data available on Google Trends. 

Mobile phone apps like Instagram, Facebook, Tesla, and even skype are built on the React Native framework. It ranked 6th on stack overflow. These examples would have helped you understand its popularity better. 

Xamarin is ranked 8th on a survey conducted by stack overflow and received roughly 6.5% votes. 

This framework is chosen for producing specialized platform applications that possess native UI’s. Unfortunately, it lacks a GitHub presence, which makes React Native usually more accessible.

Criterion #4: Market Share

React Native is famous for offering near-native conduct that makes it perfect for multinationals and start-ups alike. 

Multinationals like UberEats, Walmart, and the most famous Facebook have been using it. Also, it empowers faster and valuable solutions for mobility.

Xamarin is widely used by associations like Honeywell, BOSCH, JetBlue, etc. 

There are about 19,318 companies making use of it at the moment. Its code base is single shared .NET style codebase and can be easily shared on various platforms.

Criterion #5: Compilation

React Native uses the JIT compiler for the development of Android applications. However, the same cannot be used for iOS. For those, an interpreted JS code will be required as Apple curbs the execution of codes. 

Although the JIT compiler provides the benefit of capacitating by default whenever the Java method is called for. 

Xamarin utilizes JIT for Android and AOT for iOS compilation and management of code. The framework can do this because of the code written in the C# and .NET languages. 

Also, it’s known that AOT administers the compiled code more swiftly than JIT. 

Criterion #6: Ready To Use Component

React Native provides components that are readily available along with comprehensive documentation, which is a significant benefit of using it. 

The framework provides tools for testing for type checking, networking, forms, etc. In short, it comes prepared with features that aim to indulge in all your requirements.

Xamarin too, boasts a favourable component store that offers a variety of components that are notably better than React Native. 

The store allows programmers to gain direct access to Visual Studio. However, the major drawback is the fact that only a few components are free, and others require payments. 

Criterion #7: Development Environment

React Native provides developers with the flexibility to adopt an IDE or text editor. The Expo available utilizes to debug and develop the apps created using it. 

Apart from this, hot reloading eliminates the need for a full reload of the app if modifications are made. 

Xamarin is authoritative and at the same time efficient, which allows programmers to code for iOS apps on Windows and compile on Mac. 

Its visual studio utilizes simplified mobile, web, and desktop app development. It can also be used to design apps for all devices created by Apple. 

Criterion #8: Performance

React Native supplies developers with a near-native presentation. However, Androids do not support 64-bit mode and show performance issues with navigation. 

The Native performance cannot reach its full potential as it does on Objective-C or swift. 

Xamarin executes code quickly on iOS platforms and even on Android. It uses platform-centric hardware stimulation for these apps. 

Xamarin can support a 64- bit mode unlike React Native and further produce amazing UI to ensure direct usage of native tools. 

Criterion #9: Community Support

React Native has a community that boasts of experiences from its supporters. The community possesses impartable knowledge that contributes in the growth of newer members. 

But there is an absence of subject matter abilities and may create roadblocks amidst advancement. 

Xamarin provides laudable community support. On it, experienced programmers assist in numerous forums. 

You can also reach out to them if you wish to share sensitive information. You can use Stack overflow and QA website along with others to seek support. 

Criterion #10: Cost-Effectiveness

React Native is open sourced, and thus the libraries are free. On a strict budget? Then the React Native framework is your best bet. 

The experience of a developer plays a vital role as they will be able to create apps quicker as compared to one who has none. 

Xamarin was acquired by Microsoft and made open source. But still, a majority of its features are not free. 

So, it is essential to know that you may end up paying a hefty amount for the purchase of a Video Studio license. Thus, making the development of apps expensive. 

Criterion #11: Development Speed

React Native has a beautiful feature called the Hot Reload. This feature can easily amp up the speed of the apps that will be created on the platform. 

It also helps in saving up time because you will not need to reload the app whenever you make changes. 

Xamarin has an interspersed development condition produced by Visual Studio that produces apps quickly. 

It ensures little effort is required in the creation of controls from scratch. The programmer can instead use the controls already at hand. 

Criterion #12: Programming Language

React Native uses JavaScript for development but can also code using Kotlin, Swift, Objective-C, Java, etc. 

It allows programmers to import and utilize native modules and libraries, which are usually not present in React Native API. It ensures a highly functional app. 

Xamarin Requires familiarity with C# and .NET that are modern languages and can quickly provide significant improvements over Objective-C or Java. 

This dynamic platform ensures source code projects, and these can be reused on both iOS and Android apps. 

Criterion #13: Learning Curve

React Native is a programmer’s delight and gives a relaxing learning curve. It is supported by JavaScript as its core language and CSS; the UI tags look like HTML. 

There are vast libraries present, but that at times increases difficulties for programmers. 

Xamarin developers are required to have an in-depth knowledge of C# and .NET. Its libraries cater to the building of apps, especially for watchOS, tvOS, macOS, Android, Windows, and iOS. It helps programmers to search for app-specific features. 

Criterion #14: Third- Party Support

React Native acts as UI libraries that insist on integrating infinite third-party libraries along with API. 

These API’s can grant entry to native configurations and bear an experience like that of a native app. The framework offers more benefits concerning third-party support. 

Xamarin offers a collection of fully developed packages that give developers a variety of features, services, and tools. 

This framework has ensured the programmers do not have to rely on third-party support and more on the inbuilt resources. 

Criterion #15: User Experience

React Native utilizes the ReactJS library and provides developers with UI components that ensure the apps developed are practical and faster as compared to its competitors. 

It also has a simplified user interface, understanding the framework easier.

Xamarin presents developers with the creation of UI’s in 2 very different manners. 

These are the Xamarin. Forms and Xamarin.Android/iOS that usually helps the programmers falling in love with the platform specified codes. 

The codes are universal and allow programmers to share it completely. 

Criterion #16: Scalability

React Native helps running apps in states that are both manageable as well as consistent. This is done by utilizing the libraries present on it, such as Redux, Flux, and relay. 

It tells you that third-party apps can be used to achieve scalability. 

Xamarin is product-driven by default as all the development of code is done on Visual Studio. It gives you the ideal surroundings to develop scalable apps. 

The apps thus created are ready for changes such as new additions that may be required in the future. 

Criterion #17: Testing

React Native is written in small modules for building uncomplicated testing. The static analysis tools such as Type checking and Linters make error checking possible. 

It also has a Jest testing framework present that can write any featured tests, contributing to simplified testing. 

Xamarin has Xamarin Test Recorder along with Visual Studio and Xamarin Studio are leveraged to run tests. 

These ensure that programmers can save their time and money! However, Windows doesn’t assist in testing iOS devices, which can create issues. 

Criterion #18: Documentation

React Native encourages easy documentation as it is detailed and organized. 

It has everything on display, everything from the components to the elements, and a developer can find them with ease. Thus, it simplifies the work for a developer. 

Xamarin classifies its components correctly like react native but still struggles with its documentation. 

This is because the ingredients are split up between NuGet and Component stores. Thus, it is inclined towards increasing the time and effort spent by the developer on searching. 

Criterion #19: Framework

React Native uses one-way data flow in a modernized way, a feature of React. Some adjustments were made recently by JS in web development. 

This change, although it could only manage to make marginal productivity increase, was heartily received. 

Xamarin exercises a similar style as that of the MVVM framework. So, if you possess familiarity with Web Forms, ASP.NET, and other developers, you should most definitely use Xamarin. 

Criterion #20: Ownership

React Native has been invented by Facebook and it has open-sourced it after that. But, the ownership remains with Facebook. However, anyone can suggest changes to that.

On the other hand, Xamarin is the proprietary of Microsoft, another tech giant in its own right. So, the confidence of utilizing the framework is great among the developers.

Criterion #21: Productivity

React Native ensures top-notch conditions along with supercharged development of apps. It also takes roughly 3 hours to set it up and download its components. 

These features allow boosting capacity for the developer, thereby shortening the time spent on the app formulation. 

Xamarin acts as an addition to the library. The only challenge would be Visual Studio; if there’s an earlier version installed, then it may take longer for commencement. This could be a set back for the developer. 

Criterion #22: Skillset

React Native requires familiarity with the workings of JavaScript. The requirement of being a first-rate react native developer one must be adept at operating Virtual DOM, JSX, and some concepts of component lifecycle. 

Xamarin developers must be intimate with C# as it is the foundation of all iOS, Windows, and Android applications. 

Knowledge of Visual Studio is required, along with other requisites, to ensure the seamless development of apps. 

Criterion #23: Diameter

React Native has a diameter that is larger than others. This framework’s diameter allows its differentiation into multiple blocks that ensure it is very uncomplicated to get the development in motion. 

Xamarin utilizes MVVM and MVC architectures. They can hasten the evolution performance, even with a smaller diameter. However, this relies on the capacity of the app being created. 

react-native-cta-third

Criterion #24: Code Reuse

React Native provides the benefits of reusing code amongst numerous platforms endorsed by it. 

The code is sharable and reusable amongst React and React Native as well. However, Code reusing comes with its fair share of problems.

Xamarin grants sharing code amongst cross-platforms projects. It’s the Xamarin. Forms tool that helps bolster the process of code. 

However, on most occasions, the code required modifications make platform-specific code possible, which is why the end code is different on different platforms. 

Criterion #25: Pricing

React Native is open-sourced, and thus, all its libraries, along with features, are free to programmers. It is one of the best cost-effective frameworks for programmers. 

Xamarin has been called open-sourced, but most of the best features do not come free. A small price is mandatory to reap benefits of it. The subscription of Visual Studio alone costs- $499- $2,999. 

Read also: 25 Best React Developer Tools For Increasing Productivity

When to opt for React Native?

  • It is best for the creation of social media apps, much like Facebook. 
  • If you are on a budget, then the framework will come to your rescue. 
  • You are comfortable with adding Facebook ads to the apps. 

When to opt for Xamarin?

  • A faster development is required. 
  • You require testing apps in a development environment.
  • There is a requirement of high-end graphics. 

Conclusion

Xamarin or React Native, they are both fantastic frameworks and provide platforms that can help developers build extremely powerful apps for mobiles. 

They are creations of companies like Microsoft and Facebook that possess proficiency in the field of technology. 

While pointing out which one is best for you is very difficult as, like all other frameworks, the React Native and Xamarin frameworks come with their own set of drawbacks along with perks. 

We hope this article has provided you clarity regarding which framework would work best for any React Native App Development Company . Thank You.!

Frequently Asked Questions

There can not be a fixed answer to this question. Both frameworks have their highs and lows. It all boils down to your requirements.
The simple answer to this would be NO. Xamarin is there for a decent amount of time and it has served many tech giants with distinction.
Xamarin framework makes use of C#. It has significant value in modernized app development with all valuable features.
Xamarin is owned by tech giant Microsoft and it created the Xamarin framework in May 2011. That’s why you see C# in the Xamarin framework.
There are many famous apps built on Xamarin. Some of the most popular ones are as listed below:
  • Oro
  • MRW
  • CA Mobile
  • APX
  • Novarum DX
  • The World Bank
There are many famous apps built on React Native. Some of the most popular ones are as listed below:
  • Facebook Ads
  • Walmart
  • Bloomberg
  • Instagram
  • SoundCloud
  • Wix
Harikrishna Kundariya
Harikrishna Kundariya
Harikrishna Kundariya, a marketer, developer, app lover, technology savvy, designer, co-founder, Director of eSparkBiz @Mobile App Development Company where you can Hire Mobile App Developer. His 8+ experience enables him to provide digital solutions to new start-ups based on app development.
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