Node.js vs ASP.NET : Which Is One Is Best For Enterprise App Development?
Web development is taking new twists and turns every year with new trends, frameworks, languages, tools, etc. being released into the development field. Today we’re going to focus on Node.js vs ASP.NET and which is better technology for web development.
In the past few years, the two leading server-side languages on the web, i.e., ASP.NET and Node.js have been in debate in the developer community. Even though ASP.NET has concurred a respectable segment among enterprises, Features Of Node.js is providing tough competition.
If you are a developer and facing issues in choosing the best server-side language for your next development project, then we have got you covered.
To resolve queries about both languages, in this blog, we will provide an in-depth comparison between ASP.NET vs Node.js.
What is ASP.NET?
Here ASP is referred to as active-server-pages and .NET framework is mainly a software framework built by Microsoft which operates on windows.
ASP.NET is an open-source web application framework built by Microsoft and based on the C#.
Developers can create highly-intuitive, engaging and reliable websites using ASP.NET against different frameworks in the industry like Java.
- It offers customization in the data storage where you can easily distinguish identity information storage and security information.
- NET is assisted up by Microsoft, and being one of the leading companies in the globe, it ensures better safety and security.
- It is a lot simpler to maintain & update, which results in an affordable and highly-competent framework.
- The initial compilation will consume ample of time.
- One of the most tedious and daunting work is to upgrade older apps of the ASP.NET framework.
- Third-party integration is somewhat tricky.
What is Node.js?
Due to its asynchronous architecture and event-driven I/O API calling, developers can recognize JS code using the Chrome V8 engine.
- Although it’s single-threaded, it consists of power to cater to the demands of multiple core servers instantly.
- It is backed up by an active and vibrant community of developers across the globe.
- Packaging modules are extensive and various new modules are released every month.
- Due to its asynchronous nature, the massive number of developers find it challenging to grasp and implement.
- It doesn’t consist of a robust library, so developers are forced to integrate third-party libraries into their applications.
- For one who doesn’t clear basic concepts in Java faces a lot of issues in Node.js development.
Which Aspects to Consider to Choose a Server-side Language?
Before you choose to work on ASP.NET core vs Node.js or any of the other programming languages for the server-side, you need to consider the following aspects.
1) Problem Domain
Every programming language has its own technology stack that serves some purpose of the business.
For instance, Node.js is the best platform for creating big applications and eCommerce sites that rely on performance.
Here you must have an aim about what issue you want to resolve, features of your business, and the type of audience you want to serve.
2) Technical Expertise
Without extensive knowledge and understanding of different servers, languages, and frameworks, one can’t work on the server side.
Here, the selection of technology relies on the development team and the availability of professionals in that field is based on geography.
3) Characteristics of the Languages
There is an extensive range of languages present in the IT field, which you can refer to build intuitive and beautiful web apps on the server-side.
All languages comprise their ecosystems, communities, supports, and characteristics. These criteria play a vital role in the selection of a framework.
Now, without taking much of your time let’s dive deep into the detailed comparison of ASP.NET vs Node.js.
Node.js vs ASP.NET: Comparison Table
|Basis of Comparison||Node.js||ASP.NET|
|Definition||Open-source, cross-platform JS runtime environment that runs JS code on server-side.||Open-source web app framework built by Microsoft.|
|First Release||It was launched in 2009.||It was released back in 2002.|
|Latest Release||Its latest version is 14.0.0 released on April 23,2020.||Its recent version is 4.8, released back in April 2019.|
|Processing Model||Asynchronous, Single-thread non-blocking, I/O model||Synchronous, multi-threaded, blocking I/O|
|Leading firms using these languages in their projects||NASA, Walmart, eBay, Uber||AccuWeather, Dell, Stackoverflow|
ASP.NET vs Node.js Performance Comparison
There is a list of Node.js frameworks in the market which you can use to execute JS code on the server-side.
ASP.NET: It’s a web application framework introduced by Microsoft. It provides basic functionality over other frameworks on top of it: ASP.NET Web Pages, ASP.NET Web Forms, ASP.NET MVC, etc.
2. Suitable For
Node.js: It is suitable for building asynchronous apps as it functions on one thread via non-blocking I/O calls, enabling it to support numerous parallel connections without thread context switching.
The primary purpose of utilizing a single-thread for handling all requests that access the observer pattern is to develop more parallel apps, where all the functions that are performing I/O operations should receive a callback.
ASP.NET: It operates simultaneously on multi-threads. This means you can develop a website within a span of a few days. Moreover, an essential website could be ready with an effort of just a few hours.
Winner: ASP.NET is a clear winner because it gives developers the freedom to create highly alluring and engaging, and complex websites proficiently.
Node.js: Developers heavily praise it because they possess the freedom to share one language on the server and the client-side.
Moreover, developers can also expand apps in both horizontal and vertical direction. Lastly, it is appropriate for developing an MVP(Minimal Viable Product).
ASP.NET: Due to integrated Windows authentication and per-application configuration, the majority of apps remain free from any attacks. It significantly reduces the total code used to build huge apps.
It offers highly-potent because of its added advantage of early-binding, just-in-time compilation, native optimization, and caching services.
Winner: Node.js because you have only one code for deployment and its ability to scale applications fast.
4. Real-Time Usage
ASP.NET: Numerous websites that we are accessing on the web are actually made via ASP.NET.
Winner: ASP.NET wins in this case because it powers countless websites on the web.
5. Release Date
Node.js: Its initial version was introduced back in 2009.
ASP.NET: It’s first stable version was introduced in 2002.
ASP.NET: It is based on C#. ASP.NET provides a strict type system and compile-type error checks, which is dependent on Microsoft’s TypeScript.
Winner: ASP.NET is the clear winner because it uses a strict type system and gives options to check compile-type errors.
Node.js: Being asynchronous in nature, it can handle several callbacks consequently.
While doing work in Node.js, you will not face many abstractions. Also, it gives you the option to integrate small components rather than a massive set of parameters.
ASP.NET: Bundle of conventions inherited by ASP.NET enable you to enhance your code and keep it precise and compact. But, diverting from these configurations will lead to manual configuration, that’s somewhat challenging and consumes some more time.
Winner: Node.js, the reason it gives developers the freedom to code without many restrictions and is adaptable. Also, developers can access native & third-party libraries in their web development projects.
Node.js: Node has more than 70K+ stars & 170+ repositories on the GitHub. However, it has low support on StackOverflow.
ASP.NET: It has a broader community of developers on the StackOverflow as compared to the GitHub.
Winner: Here, there is a tie between ASP NET vs Node.js because both server-side languages are widely accepted by the developers all over the sphere.
Node.js: It consists of a wide number of small and reusable libraries, which helps you to achieve more by writing less code.
ASP.NET: The most recent ASP.NET core is considered as a highly scalable framework with some unique solutions that increases the development speed.
Winner: The winner here is Node.js because it allows you to enhance your project’s speed by integrating small & reusable libraries.
Node.js: You can utilize any popular TextEditor for developing any web application using Node.js. However, a standard option is to use WebStorm (IDE) because it increases overall productivity and enhanced support from the community.
ASP.NET: There are a bunch of tools present in the market, such as LINQPad, NDepend, ELMAH, etc. which you can use to create innovative and next-gen websites and web apps. In general, developers prefer to use tools such as Visual Studio, Web Essentials, and Resharper.
Winner: Without any doubt, Node.js is the winner because it supports the majority of text editors in the market.
Node.js: There are limitations on Node.js when developers choose to host their applications. Therefore, the majority of developers choose to host by forming their own Linux Web Server.
ASP.NET: To host applications built using ASP.NET, you have several options like AWS, Heroku, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform.
Winner: The winner here is ASP.NET, as it offers better options for hosting than Node.js
Node.js: A vast amount of developers stated that they had observed better performance after transferring their apps to Node.js.
ASP.NET: While comparing ASP.NET vs Node.js performance, it varies based on the requirements of the project. Node.js manages tasks easily where less computation is needed; however, as the task becomes more CPU-intensive, Node.js fails.
The most recent version of the multi-platform .NET core is 15% faster than it’s earlier versions and highly-potent than ASP.NET.
Winner: Node.js wins the battle between Node.js vs ASP.NET performance as it operates effectively in a wide number of conditions.
Moreover, vast amounts of Node.js frameworks have been released in the last few years that simplify the web and mobile app development.
ASP.NET: It is basically a server-side framework that offers a comprehensive bundle of libraries, tools, etc. which you can use to create apps efficiently.
This open-source technology helps in the formation of highly-dynamic websites and web apps using .NET languages such as C#, F#, and Visual basic.
Winner: ASP.NET, because it gives you the freedom to develop an extensive range of web apps without much hindrance.
14. Processing Model
Node.js: As it works on Asynchronous programming, which enables a server to address multiple requests simultaneously without blocking them. Despite the fact that it runs on the single-thread, it looks after multiple background threads to schedule several tasks.
This method is highly beneficial for developers to build highly comprehensive apps.
ASP.NET: It works on the synchronous model and is multi-threaded, i.e., it successively handles all the requests present in the thread pool.
If the total tasks are more than available threads, they have to wait until it becomes free. This requires more storage space and reduces the speed of processing an app.
Node.js: Over the last few years, many tech giants across the globe have started adopting Node.js for their development projects. Out of which, Trello, Medium, NASA, and eBay are to name a few.
You might have a question, what’s the main purpose of knowing the total number of enterprises adopting a particular language? The main objective is: the higher the enterprises and startups use technology, the more people get attracted to it.
With a higher number of startups and SMEs adopting a language, there will be an increase in the number of projects as well as jobs.
ASP.NET: It has obtained a respectable position in the market; however, we haven’t observed big companies using ASP.NET for their project. Hence, there is a full possibility that it will lose its popularity soon.
Winner: Node.js, because it is openly accepted by Startups, SMEs, and also Enterprises.
16. Available Package
Node.js: .npm is the package manager for Node.js, which is downloaded millions of times by developers across the globe every month. Using npm, you can build simple as well as complex web & mobile apps with ease.
ASP.NET: NuGet is a package manager for ASP.NET, and it has millions of downloads since its launch.
Winner: Node.js because of its extensive library.
17. Platform Autonomy
Node.js: The primary reason why Node.js is widely accepted by the developers worldwide is because of the cross-platform development support. This means it allows developers the freedom to use Windows, Mac, Linux, and SmartOS for their project.
ASP.NET: Earlier, to create an ASP.NET project, developers are bound to use the Windows system. But now, with the latest ASP.NET core, the scenario has changed and it supports Linux & Mac besides Windows.
Winner: Node.js, as it allows you to develop applications on any platform.
Node.js: Reliability is based on how powerful your program functions during runtime exceptions, input failures, error-callbacks, etc. Developers find it challenging to handle errors in Node.js due to its asynchronous nature.
ASP.NET: It remains more powerful during any errors due to its strict type system.
Winner: ASP.NET, as it gives freedom to developers to handle errors efficiently.
Node.js: Due to its dynamic nature, any beginner can start with Node.js quickly. However, with time, to develop a high-quality code, one must understand different things like promises, generators, and co-routines.
ASP.NET: consists of a built-on project/file structure, boilerplate, and a wide number of examples on how to utilize MVC patterns for their project. An absolute beginner can start its journey in ASP.NET without any issues.
Winner: ASP.NET, as the majority of developers find it easy to learn and implement as compared to Node.js.
Node.js: Neglecting some of the issues, Node.js is portable on most of the platforms.
ASP.NET: It is partially portable. For instance, MVC 4 on Mono doesn’t have support for async features.
Winner: The Node.js is the winner because it is highly portable as compared to the ASP.NET.
21. Memory Management
Node.js: As of now, Node.js runs on the V8 engine, which has a memory limit of 512MB on 32bit systems and 1GB on 64bit systems.
You can extend this limit by using one command to 1GB for 32bit versions and 1.7GB for 64bit versions.
However, a better way to deal with this is to divide your single processes into some workers if you are facing memory issues.
ASP.NET: Here, memory management becomes hard when you cross a 2GB limit on the 64bit machine; however, sources are limited.
Winner: ASP.NET, as it handles memory management effectively.
Node.js: It uses a single CPU-thread and is not able to take benefit of multiple-threads automatically. To utilize multiple threads, you have to depend on clustering.
Apart from this, to generate new processes and run them concurrently, you have to leverage the cluster module with IPC (Inter-Process Communication).
ASP.NET: It, by default, can utilize multi-core systems with the help of the Thread pool.
Winner: ASP.NET because it concurrently runs multi-threads in the project.
23. Development Time
Node.js: In Node.js, all the things are being developed as well as maintained by different developers. All these are built, keeping in mind different ideas, standards, and requirements. Hence,.you might have to refer to the documentation now & then.
ASP.NET: In ASP.NET, the majority of required plugins, modules, NuGet packages are developed by Microsoft. Due to this, there are very rare chances of any deletion of modules or change of names.
Winner: ASP.NET, allows you to use various plugins. Modules, etc., built by Microsoft.
Node.js: In Node.js, the majority of its modules are written as well as retained by various developers with diverse beliefs. Hence, you have the freedom to use a vast number of modules for your project. But, there is an issue.
If you have used some modules in your project and you decided to update it, but all of a sudden, you get to know that they are being outdated or renamed. This has a significant impact on the project’s stability.
ASP.NET: In ASP.NET, the NuGet packages are released as well as maintained by Microsoft. Hence, you have assured that you’re in safe hands.
Winner: ASP.NET, being maintained by Microsoft, offers better stability.
The question, which is the best framework for enterprise-app development? Indeed, there is no clear answer to this question as both the server-side scripting languages have their own pros and cons.
In a nutshell, the selection of a framework should be made considering the present as well as the future requirements of a project.
Lastly, if you have a solid enterprise app idea, you can reach out to a Professional Node.js Development Company. We are ready to deliver you the best enterprise app solution.
There can not be a clear cut winner in this type of scenario. Both platforms have their specialties. However, if you think from the perspective of developers, then Node.js offers better flexibility in coding than Node.js.
There can not be a fixed answer to this question. If you think in terms of I/O and asynchronous programming, Node.js is faster than C#. But, for desktop and enterprise apps, C# works better than Node.js
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