Python vs C#: Which Would Be A Better Option For You?

Python vs C#: Which Would Be A Better Option For You?

If you are a computer programmer, you may have struggled to choose from the variety offered. This article aims to help you compare programming languages that are amongst the most famous in 2020. These are Python and C#. Today, we will analyze the C# vs Python battle.

Both these languages are object-oriented yet very different from the other. Progressing further into this article will help you find out which language is better in this race of C# vs Python.

If you want to find more information about Python, you can analyze the Python Web Development Frameworks. It will surely help you in the long run.

Python vs C# : Head to Head Comparison

What is Python?

Python

This programming language was set up 28 years ago and is extensively used because it offers object-oriented programming.

Since it follows C and JavaScript for most structures, the language is easy to learn. It is open-sourced even for commercial projects.

Also, did you know you can convert C# to Python using a free code conversion?

Pythob-vsC#-Google-Trend

What is C#?

C#

The famous company Microsoft developed C# for general-purpose programming. It aims at providing a platform that is object-oriented as well as flexible and versatile.

This program’s construction is like the C and C++ languages. When making a Programming Language Speed Comparison, C# gets top marks as it offers faster computation.

Quick note Here C# vs .NET is out of the question as they are both the same.

Features of Python

  • It is a beginner-friendly programming language.
  • Seamlessly provides an increase in productivity
  • Substantial library support is given
  • The language is interpreted, meaning that it allows for simple debugging of code lines.
  • Can bear a mechanized collection of garbage

The example mentioned below will tell how Python asserts its dominance in this Python vs C# battle. Here, you can try executing the comparable PrintName program.

# print name

name = input("Enter your name-")

print("Your name is ", name)

As mentioned above, Python uses an uncomplicated language that is easy to read and write. This example tells you the same.

Here, the code is as simple as writing a sentence in English. You will also notice that the code involves no type declarations or imports!

Features of C#

  • Easy to learn
  • It can integrate with Microsoft and develop games
  • It can also integrate with .NET
  • Has modern syntax
  • Library is rich

The example mentioned below will help you understand this language better. You are creating a straightforward program that will print user names.

using System;

namespace PrintNameApplication {

   class PrintUserName {

      static void Main(string[] args) {

         /* Write user name to console */

   String userName;

userName = Console.ReadLine();

         Console.WriteLine("Hello, " + username + ". How are you today?");

      }

   }

}

An overview of the code

This computer program allows for the execution of the same text on the user input and the display.  Here, class accommodates the main method as you execute the program.

The class is, in turn, contained in the namespace. You will notice that the “using” keyword is somewhat like the statements of import of include.

Benefits Offered by Python

  • Its language is portable, which makes it run smoothly on various platforms such as Linux, Macintosh, Windows, etc.
  • Allows programmers to develop graphical user interfaces
  • This programming language was established 28 years ago and thus boasts a strong community
  • It is efficient as you only need to write a few lines for the code.

Benefits Offered by C#

  • Is scalable and easily updated
  • Speedy compilation
  • It is Typesafe as it does not allow risky casts
  • It is a structured programming language
  • Possesses cross-platform abilities
  • Standard library

Drawbacks of Using Python

  • Slow speed
  • It cannot be used for mobile computing.
  • The database is primitive and underdeveloped
  • Shows errors and issues in its language
  • Requires a lot of testing

Drawbacks of Using C#

  • It is not meant for subordinate programming
  • Has no unconstrained compiler
  • Code requires compiling every time a change is made
  • Requires thorough testing
  • Can only be used on windows for execution

What Is Python Used For?

  • Web development
  • Supervised machine learning
  • Investment banking, fintech
  • Health applications
  • Data visualization
  • Desktop GUI

What Is C# Used For?

  • Game development
  • Developing server-side applications
  • Workflow applications
  • Mobile apps
  • Windows desktop applications
  • Web applications

Python vs C#: Which Is Better?

Doing a head to head comparison of Python vs C# will help you understand the drawbacks and the advantages of each language better!

Python

C#

Its language is integrated and relies on its interpreter.It is compiled and requires no interpreter.
The language is general-purpose.It could create lines that could potentially be unreadable.
Its speed relies heavily on the interpreter.It follows a .NET network framework which is known to be quicker.
Provides a vast library of software to choose fromThe library provides limited software to choose from.
It is accessible to everybody.It is not free for all.
Its community is established and provides ample support.It runs on Microsoft, the developers are supposed to pay to obtain expert help when necessary.
It is easier to learn and use.Requires high proficiency to be able to create applications.
Its tools ensure smooth sailings for developers.It requires specialized knowledge of tools.
Python is more dynamic.It is static and involves building and compiling steps.
Its code does not carry excessive symbols.Its syntax is more compatible and classified clearly.
The library is pre-packaged.Its library is standard.
It can execute runtime without a JIT compiler.It uses a JIT compiler for runtime code.
Involves typing instruction to compile and execute at the same time.It is dependent on its compiler.
The memory can be managed easily via the in-built garbage collector.The memory needs to be managed manually.
The language is uncomplicated.The language is complex and stringent.

C# vs Python Performance Comparison

Criterion #1: Speed

This comparison will involve a comparison of the developer’s writing speed and not the speed of the program.

Python- To begin with, Python was designed to ease programming by writing the code quickly. Apart from being easy to write, it allows ease with reading as well. It also keeps the Noteworthy Python Application Development Company in mind and provides white spaces.

C#- C# is a more intimate language and can be written with ease if you are familiar with Java. It does not allow the use of a float during run time and requires converting variables to work. This feature usually adds additional time and effort to the programmer’s table.

Thus, it is clear in C# vs Python Performance that Python executes code quicker.

Criterion #2: Readability

Python- Unlike C#, Python has in-built whitespaces that represent blocks of code. It usually helps in coding with tidy indents by force, so many choose it over C#.

C#- It uses multiple languages to represent a block of code. It can be called readable, but on some occasions, the interpreter can turn the code into mere lines of brackets. This renders the code unreadable and pointless.

Hence, Python is usually preferred.

Criterion #3: Performance

Python- Its language is integrated and relies on its interpreter. Python is quicker to write but often faces setbacks because of its garbage collector. It also requires a lot of testing before run time. You can use the Python Performance Tips to get rid of it.

C#- Its language is one that is compiled and requires no interpreter. C# can run faster in some applications even though it takes longer to write. It allows for faster compilation.

In Python vs C# Performance section, C# wins.

Criterion #4: Application

Python- It is an ancient machine learning language and hence provides a vast library of software to choose from. This means that the community is more extensive.

C#- It uses the same support as Python, but the API is not very strong. Also, its library provides limited software to choose from. This will tell you that the language doesn’t offer much.

Therefore, Python wins, as it ensures a more polished outcome.

Criterion #5: License

Python- Python has the GPL license and is open-sourced. These factors make it accessible to everybody and hence is inexpensive.

C#- C# is open soured but sits under the Windows license. This means it is not free for all. However, Microsoft has been trying its best to make it free for all.

Since Python is a cheaper option, it wins.

Criterion #6: Support

Python- Its community is established and provides ample support. But, is not on the same level as C# and cannot offer actionable support.

C#- Since C# runs on Microsoft, the developers are supposed to pay to obtain expert help when necessary. This support comes in handy when in need of emergency support.

C# wins as it provides additional support.

Criterion #7: Ease of Use

Python- This language is dynamically typed, and its code is written in simple, understandable English. These factors make it easier to learn and use. Its syntax requires an understanding of lesser language assembly.

C#- If you are familiar with Java, you will find it easy to understand. However, it requires high proficiency to be able to create applications.

Though it is hard to choose from C# and Python, Python ultimately wins.

Criterion #8: Tools

Python- Its tools, too, are straightforward, uses tools such as Vims & Emacs. When comparing Python vs .NET, Python will undermine it as it ensures smooth sailings for developers.

C#- C# requires specialized knowledge of tools. These include .NET, .NET reflector amongst others.

While comparing .NET vs Python, the latter wins as it allows developers not to be restricted and learn more as they go.

Criterion #9: Dynamic vs Static

Python- Python is more dynamic, and this means the development process would be quicker too. The process needs to be overseen by a team leader to ensure a robust application can be built.

C#- C# is static and involves building and compiling steps. These are adding an extra step that is not well-liked. The measures can also hamper productivity but allow error detection in advance.

As C# detects errors, it consequently wins.

Criterion #10: Syntax

Python- Its code does not carry excessive symbols since it is dynamic. Which ensures a smooth and understandable code produced. Also, it does not involve the declaring of variables and will change on the go.

C#- Its syntax is more compatible and classified clearly. But, variables must be declared before use. It allows the declaration of variables and considers it to be of importance.

Python wins as it is more straightforward.

Criterion #11: Libraries

Python- The library is pre-packaged. The code then can be reused, which makes the life of a developer easier. It is also somewhat flexible and extensible.

C#- Its library is standard and has its foundation in the .NET framework. The library can provide tremendous support for growth.

Python’s libraries are known to be the best, which makes it the winner.

Criterion #12: Programming Productivity

Python- It’s a dynamic language, and the convenience it provides ensures ease. Thereby, helping increase Programming productivity.

C#- This language works best for more prominent server-side applications. But the code requires compiling every time a change is made.

Python wins without a doubt.

Criterion #13: Typing

Python- It is a dynamic language, hence dynamically typed. Thus, leading to an error-free code.

C#- This language has been statistically typed. Its compiler makes an error when wrongly typed.

Python requires no variable declarations and hence wins.

Read also: Python vs C++: Which Is The Best Programming Language?

Criterion #14: Execution Model

Python- It can execute runtime without a JIT compiler. But this will lead to errors and then require a JIT compiler.

C#- It uses the JIT compiler for runtime code. Albeit taxing, it makes a better performing application.

C# has a better execution model. It provides error-free compilations.

Criterion #15: Error Debugging

Python- Here, you will only need to type an instruction to compile and execute at the same time. It will ensure easy debugging.

C#- We know that it is dependent on its compiler. This feature makes debugging tough as it shows all the errors after the compilation is complete.

Python provides better error debugging.

Conclusion

It is quite evident that C# is assembled more systematically as compared to Python. But, keep in mind that the code on Python is much easier to write and understand. They both have their perks and drawbacks.

The article gives you a clear clarification on the Python vs C# Performance metrics, helping you decipher which language works in your favor.

We hope you had a great time reading this article and it proves to be of the great value of any C# or Python developer. Thank You.!

Frequently Asked Questions

In today’s day and age, when technologies are going at a different level and Cognitive Computing is the need of the art, Python will be in more demand compare to C#. However, C# has its own specialties as well.
Both C# and Python are matured programming languages. You will find an extensive amount of libraries for both languages. In addition to that, both have very active communities and a number of frameworks.
As per the experts, you should learn C# first. The reason being, it is a more structured language and programmers will get used to remembering syntaxes. After bullying that foundation he/she can easily learn Python.
If you’re dealing with Windows Desktop Application or Gaming Applications, C# should be your first preference. But, if you want to deal with AI, Big Data, Machine Learning, etc. then Python comes really handy.
There can not be a clear cut winner for this type of scenario. Both languages have their strengths and weaknesses. While C# is good for Desktop and Gaming apps, Python is great for AI, Big Data, Machine Learning.
The most important reason for the popularity of Python is high productivity. Compared to other programming languages, Python gives flexibility, reusability, and reliability to programmers.
In Real-Life scenarios, Python has become an integral part of scientific numeric applications and network programming.
Harikrishna Kundariya
Harikrishna Kundariya
Harikrishna Kundariya, a marketer, developer, app lover, technology savvy, designer, co-founder, Director of eSparkBiz @Mobile App Development Company where you can Hire Mobile App Developer. His 8+ experience enables him to provide digital solutions to new start-ups based on app development.


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