Top 20 Python Web Development Framework For The Year 2020
Our beloved language Python acquires the coveted number three position in the TIOBE programming language popularity Survey. Today, we’re going to explore the top 20 Python Web Development Framework For The Year 2020. So, let’s start the show, right now.!
Python Web Development Framework 2020
- What is a Web FrameWork?
- Full-stack Frameworks
- Asynchronous Framework
1. What is a Web FrameWork?
All the web applications are made of codes. Undoubtedly, it is a difficult task to write the codes. Especially, if the applications are large and complex, it would require a lot of coding.
Fortunately, most of the web sites use the same kinds of components. This would include management tools, authentication tools and so on.
This is where Web Frameworks come into the picture. They are tools that have files and folders with ready-to-use coding. Any Python Web Development Company would utilize one of these frameworks to implement an agile approach.
Python Web Development Framework offers packages and modules that make the web development task easy by handling activities like thread or process management and so on.
This helps in making programming hassle-free and less time-consuming. They assist in developing web solutions like web applications, web APIs and other web resources.
Web Frameworks can be divided into the following types:
- Full-stack frameworks
- Asynchronous Framework
1.1 Full-Stack Frameworks
Any Web Framework which provides the basic component structure for all the types of web solution i.e. frontend, backend, and database, is called a Full-stack framework.
When we wish to develop a large system that may be filled with a lot of features, we would require a full-stack framework.
Python Web Development Framework like Django, Web2py. TurboGears, CubicWeb and many other falls into this category.
A micro-framework provides only the component set required for building an application. For small and easy applications, this can be a good choice.
Python Web Development Framework like Flask, Falcon CherryPy Hug, FastAPI, etc. comes into this category.
1.3 Asynchronous Frameworks
The asynchronous framework is a Micro-Framework which allows handling a large set of concurrent connections. Asyncio library is usually used for an asynchronous framework built for Python.
Python Web Development Framework like Sanic, aiohttp & Growler comes into this category.
For understanding more about Python Framework in detail, you should explore the Complete Guide Of Python. It will surely help you to enhance your knowledge base.
2. Full-stack Frameworks
Released in 2005, Django is one of the most used Python Web Development Frameworks. It is a high level which makes it readable.
Developed with the aim of providing ease, Django has been used for web sites and web applications.
It is said that Django follows the tradition of Python which is ‘Batteries Included’ Approach. It includes multiple helping task modules and libraries.
Django provides assistance in Content Administration, Authentication Of Users, RSS Feeds and so on.
Django would prevent the mistakes of developers with the help of cross-site scripting, SQL injection, cross-site request forgery, and many other ways. It is used extensively by a lot of Python users.
Anyone and everyone starting from individual developers to small organizations to governments can use Django
Truly an All-Rounder.!!! It is helpful in various areas such as Social Networks, data analytics, scientific computing platforms and so on.
Focal Points of Django:
- Fully Loaded
- Robust Security
- Incredible Speed
- Vast Community Support
- Open Source
Web2py is a very simple, cross-platform and open-source Python Web Development Framework. It can run on multiple platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux/Unix. This makes it a great choice for a wide variety of users. It is very powerful in handling data.
Web2py saves the users from data security breaches that germinate from because of the execution of files which are malicious, injection flaws or cross-site scripting. It uses HMAC+SHA-512 hash algorithms to protect passwords that are stored.
Web2py helps in making the web application development process easy. It simplifies the task via a web server, a web-based interface, and an SQL database.
A unique feature of this web framework is its web-based IDE which, includes a code editor, one-click deployment and a debugger.
It offers the connectivity of data. It can work quite efficiently with Google App Engine PostgreSQL, SQLite, MySQL, Sybase, Firebird, IBM DB2, Oracle, MongoDB and so on.
To keep a track of the errors, it makes the use of a Ticket Granting Mechanism (TGM). The in-built components of this framework helps in managing HTTP requests, sessions, cookies and so on.
Focal Points of WebPy:
- Database Connectivity
- does not require any Setup
2.3 Turbo Gears
Turbo Gears is an Open source, Data-driven Python Framework. It requires minimal set-up. It was designed to curtail the demerits of other popular web development frameworks.
A lot of middleware libraries constitute Turbo Gear. It was initially engineered to incorporate the important components of other Python frameworks.
Turbo Gears lets the programmers develop web applications that are data-rich. There is a Templating engine in-built in Turbo Gears.
They use ORM (Object Relational Mapper) which provides a bridge between Python objects and relational databases.
It offers snippets that can be reused time and again. Turbo Gears also provides a lot of flexibility and ease of use.
It uses SQLAlchemy, Repoze, Genshi, and WebOb to develop applications that require connectivity of the database.
One of the strongest advantages provided by Turbo Gears is its Compatibility with WYSIWYG editors.
Because the template engine syntax is valid XHTML, it can be opened with WYSIWYG editors. And if unknown attributes are not stripped, templates can be edited. They can even be saved back from editors.
Focal Points of Turbo Gears:
- Compatibility with WYSIWYG editors
- Command Line Tool
- supporting SQLObject and SQLAlchemy
- Supporting Multiple Databases
- MVC (Model, View, and Controller) architecture
- Using Tosca Widgets
2.4 Cubic Web
Cubic Web is an open-source Python web framework. The distinguishing feature here is that it is a semantic framework. It is a great answer to the requirement of semantic web app development.
This framework is based on the data model. It works on the concept of reusing the components (cubes) to build web applications faster and with more efficiency.
Numerous cubes are connected to each other for creating an application with the help of a database and web server. It follows the principle of object-oriented design.
Cubic Web has RQL – a query language. It also has a library of reusable components.
All in all, it is a trusted solution for semantic web application development. It promotes reusability and quality.
Focal Points of Cubic Web:
- Resource Description Framework (RDF)
- Web Ontology Language (OWL)
- Secured Work Flow
- Relational Query Language (RQL)
- Supporting Multiple Databases.
- Reusable Components
Giotto is a Python Web Development Framework mainly used for building applications. It promotes this building in a functional manner. Model, View, and Controllers (MVC) is the basis of this framework. It helps in promoting individual working.
It is designed to ensure a style that would lead to the long-term maintainable code building. The controller modules of Giotto would let the user create apps on top of the web, command line and Internet Relay Chat (IRC).
Focal Points of Giotto:
- Maintainability of Codes for a longer duration
- Usage of SQLAlchemy
- Clear Codes
- Multiple pluggable controllers
- Usage of CRUD patterns
- Inbuilt cache with the support for Memcache and Redis
- Jinja2 for the templates of HTML
- Automatic URL routing
Pylons is a web framework that emphasizes adaptability. It also helps in rapid development. Pylons have taken and merged the best ideas from Perl, Ruby, and Python.
It provides an absolutely flexible Python web framework. It leverages the WSGI standard, which lets one have re-usability.
The main goal behind developing Pylon is to make web development easy and less time-consuming.
Focal Points of Pylon:
- Open Source
- Validation and generation of HTML form
- Extensible application design
- Using a minimalist, component-based philosophy
- Rapid and efficient
- Text-based templating
- URL dispatch and URL mapping based on Routes configuration via WebHelpers
Flask is a minimalist Python Web Development Framework. It has a debugger and a built-in development server. It does not have any built-in database interaction. The Flask-SQLAlchemy package bridges an SQL database to a Flask application.
It merely requires the URL of the database to get connected to an SQL database. It supports unit testing. Further, secure client-side sessions can be established through it.
It is compatible with Google App Engine. Flask is BSD-licensed. There no requirement of the Werkzeug WSGI toolkit. It is highly flexible and adaptable.
Focal Points of Flask:
- Built-in Debugger
- Built-in Development Server
- Following WSGI 1.0
- Jinja2 Templating
- Support in the form of a plugin for any ORM
- Cookie Support for Client-Side Sessions
- HTTP Request Handling
- RESTful Request Dispatching
‘Bottle’ is a lightweight WSGI micro web-framework. Its distribution takes place in the form of a single file module. It has no dependencies other than Python Standard Library.
It is lightweight, fast, and easy to use, and is well-suited to building RESTful services. Netflix uses Bottle for its web interfaces.
Focal Points of Bottle:
As per the official website of the bottle, there are certain default features of Bottle which are mentioned below:
- Routing: Requests to function-call mapping with support for clean and dynamic URLs.
- Templates: Fast and pythonic built-in template engine and support for mako, jinja2, and cheetah
- Utilities: Convenient access to form data, file uploads, cookies, headers, and other HTTP-related metadata.
- Server: Built-in HTTP development server and support for paste, fapws3, Bjoern, gae, cherrypy or any other WSGI capable HTTP server.
Tornado is one of the finest Python Web Development Framework. It is an asynchronous networking library. Developed at FriendFeed initially.
It is ideal for WebSockets, long polling. Tornado performs well for applications that need a long-lived connection to each user.
It uses a non-blocking network I/O. The tornado can scale numerous open connections making it best for thousands of concurrent users at any given time.
Focal Points of Tornado:
- non-blocking web server
- supporting translation and localization
- implementation of third party authentication possible
- Real-time services
- User authentication support
- High-quality output
- Non-blocking HTTP client
With the help of CherryPy, developers can build web applications with smaller source code which can be developed in less time. It is a minimalist Python web Framework. For more than 10 years now, the framework is in a play.
CherryPy makes use of the Object-Oriented paradigm for developing web applications. It is fast and stable. You can use it to build sights from easy and simple ones to complex and demanding.
Focal Points of CherryPy:
- Adaptable plugin system
- Built-in tools for caching, encoding, sessions, authentication, static content, and many more
- Built-in profiling, coverage, and testing support.
- A reliable, HTTP/1.1-compliant, WSGI thread-pooled webserver.
- Colossal configuration system
- Can run on multiple HTTP servers
Falcon builds very speedy web APIs and apps for backends. It is a minimalist WSGI library. So, it does not require unnecessary dependencies or abstractions. Falcon has a clean architectural design. It follows HTTP and the REST architectural style.
There are many organizations that use Falcon like OpenStack, Hurricane Electric, Leadpages, Rackspace, Opera Software and many more.
Focal Points of Falcon:
- Unit testing via WSGI helpers
- Unicode support
- REST-inspired resources
- Idiomatic HTTP error responses
- Routes based on URI templates RFC
- Intuitive request and response objects
- Works great with async libraries
- Complete code coverage with a comprehensive test suite
- No dependencies on other Python packages
Pycnic is a web framework for building JSON APIs. It offers ease-of-use. Pycnic is minimalist and speedy. Handling JSON requests and responses, routing and cookie magic is easy. Pycnic provides JSONified error handling.
Focal Points of Pycnic:
- Supports JSON-based requests and responses
- Handling of built-in JSONified error
- Handles Routing
- Support for cookie
‘Hug’ is a framework that simplifies the development of Python driven APIs. It is engineered in such a manner which would allow software engineers to develop an API.
They are required to create it just once and it can be reused whenever they need it. ‘Hug’ is considered to be one of the fastest high-level Python Web Development Framework. It offers numerous interfaces.
Focal Points of Hug:
- Annotation-powered validation
- Simple to learn and use
- Support for automatic documentation
- Clean Coding
- Built-in version management
- Automatic documentation
FastAPI is a web framework for building APIs. It offers speed to the developers which is one of the greatest advantages it has. It was engineered with the aim of providing speed to the developers and the best development experience.
Focal Points of FastAPI:
- Fast to code
- OpenAPI for API creation
- Less number of bugs
- Automatic data model documentation with JSON Schema
- Easy to use
- Minimizes duplication of codes.
The pyramid is a Python web framework that is lightweight. It is designed with the aim of making web apps with less complexity and gradually shifting to Building huge web apps.
An easy entry point into Pyramid. You can work seamlessly with small and large both types of applications.
Focal Points of the Pyramid:
- high-quality documentation
- convenient templating
- Building reusablesubsystems
- Single-file applications
- Extensible configuration
- API stability
- bug fixing
- Testing, support, and comprehensive data documentation
- View predicates and many per-route views
- Function decorators
Morepath is a WSGI Microframework. It is called ‘Super Powered Python Web Framework’ as it comes with minimal setup.
It provides flexibility & there is no interfering. You can extend it with a simple and universal extension.
It is a model-driven web framework. MorePath is distinctive in a way that it automatically turns the defined paths of the framework into links in creating apps, and all these with the cleanest URLs.
It has all the tools to develop REST web services in the box. and also has a lot of Documentation.
Focal Points of Morepath:
- Automatic hyperlinks
- Tools to develop RESTful web services
- Easy Creation of generic UIs
- Simple, flexible, powerful permissions
- Extensible, Nestable and Override apps
- Extensible framework
Dash is a Python-based Micro-framework. It is used to build interactive analytic web applications. It is an ideal choice for applications that require Data Visualization. The main focus area of this framework is data.
Flask, Plotly.js, and React.js are used to write Dash. It provides a custom UI in pure Python. With the help of Dash, it is possible to deploy the applications to servers. After that, you are simply required to share them through URLs.
Focal Points of Dash:
- Deploy applications to end-users in a rapid and flawless manner
- Management of sharing and authentication preferences possible
- Possibility of customizing
- Highly Productive
- Applications of Dash demand less boilerplate code for starting
4. Asynchronous Frameworks
Sanic is an asynchronous web framework. Built on top of uvloop, it is a simple framework and open-source. It was designed to offer speedy HTTP responses through asynchronous request handling.
Sanic allows the usage of the async/await syntax added in Python 3.5, which makes your code non-blocking and speedy.
The goal of the project is to provide a simple way to get up and running a highly performant HTTP server that is easy to build, to expand, and ultimately to scale. Hire Python App Developer to know more about this framework.
Focal Points of Sanic:
- Able to read and write cookies
- Allows different types of logging, such as access log and error log
- Class-based views
- Handlers with easy to apply for decorators support
- Plugin support
- Supports blueprints for sub-routinewithin an application
- The configuration object can be modified either by using dot-notation or like a dictionary
Aiohttp is an asynchronous Python framework. It is dependent on Python 3.5+ features, such as async. There is a use of the asyncio library of Python which makes it asynchronous. It can serve as a client framework.
Focal Points of aiohttp:
- Supports both Server WebSockets and Client WebSockets without the Callback Hell
- pluggable routing possible.
- Supports Signals and Middlewares
- Can support both Client and HTTP Server
Growler is an asynchronous web framework built on the top of asyncio. The engineering of this framework has been influenced by NodeJS and Express/Connect frameworks,
It uses a single application object. It also uses chained middleware for processing HTTP requests. This chain of middleware provides an easy way of implementing complex applications.
Focal Points of Growler:
- Possible for a multitude of open-source packages
- Offers Ease in viewing program flow because of lack of required callbacksand proper try/except blocks
Python is one of the fastest-growing web development languages around the globe. Today, there is a massive demand for this language. Therefore, web developers should have knowledge about this language.
Taking this scenario into consideration, here we have tried to provide you with Top 20 Python Web Development Framework For The Year 2020 which will seal the deal for you.
We hope you had a great time reading this article and it proves to be of great value for you. Thank You.!
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