Of the numerous programming languages the IT industry offers to learn, the two most important and competitive languages to mention and learn are Python and PHP. In this article, we explore more about them by doing a feature-based comparison in detail. Let's delve deep into it to find out which is a better programming language.
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The ever-expansive IT industry has no shortage of programming languages to learn.. The two competing languages that deserve special mention are PHP and Python. Today, we will see a featured-based comparison of PHP vs Python. So, let’s start the show.
2019 onwards, there was a steady emphasis on web and mobile app development. Enterprises are now looking forward to creating a rich, interactive, and customer-friendly website. That’s where World-Class Python Development Services can be awesome.
Two coding languages perfectly fit into this genre that help developers to build a fluid and intuitive web or mobile application. Companies either opt for Python or PHP scripts to deliver the finest website solutions.
The following discussion will compare PHP vs Python and how one can use the best features to make a website.
We classify programming languages as low level, mid-level, and high-level language. Like Java, Python is a high level, object-oriented programming language.
This programming language has its own set of inherent data structures. Python also enables dynamic typing & binding, a productive feature for prompt application development.
Python helps programmers to reuse codes, separate, and recombine the systems with its set of packages and modules.
It is superb in terms of speed, agility, and simplicity, making it a favorite choice for beginners.
PHP or Personal Home Page tools are Hypertext Preprocessor. It is a scripting language and interpreter. It is available for free and coders use it to fabricate a dynamic website or web application. PHP is phenomenal and can easily club with major web servers across the major OS.
PHP is the biggest rival of Microsoft’s ASP. But between PHP vs Python, the former has widespread popularity. It is also a cheaper option for many people.
Beginners, as well as people from non-technical fields, can absorb this technology easily and build great modern-day applications.
Python packs a cluster of benefits and that is why it is the technology of the present. Python Web Application Development Examples are proof of it.
PHP is very strong competition for Python.
Popular apps made with python are
Some popular apps made with PHP are
|Frameworks||Python has lesser frameworks||PHP users have more frameworks|
|Popularity||Extensively used in AI, data science, and scientific community||Language for web development|
|Database Connectivity||Not as broad a database connectivity as PHP||Can access more than 20 different databases|
|Community Support||Rapid growth in community support||Wider community support|
|Learning curve||Python is meant for long-term projects.||PHP best suits for beginners|
|Readability||Python is more readable than PHP due to good indentation.||PHP language is well documented in a classic approach|
|Type of language||Regular purpose programming language||Meant for Web development programming language|
|Syntax||An easy to understand syntax of codes||A wide range of naming conventions|
|Companies using it||Uber, Pinterest, Mozilla||Hootsuite, Viber, Appcelerator|
|Github stars||30.4 K||30 K|
|Fork||8.23 K||8.04 K|
|Key Features||Quick development and Dynamic coding||Open source, Easy Deployment, and constant upgrading|
|Top frameworks||Flask, Django, jam.py.||Slim, Laravel, Fast-free framework|
|Salaries||The mean remuneration for a professional Python Developer is $120,024 a year in America||The mean remuneration for a PHP Developer is $86,017 a year in America|
Python is a robust, portable, open-source, and a fairly easy programming language which is not difficult to master. It has some unique features.
The syntax of python programming is simple. The code is easier to grasp as opposed to other programming languages like PHP, C and C++.
PHP is simply not a regular programming language. It is only used for designing dynamic web pages with HTML making it less productive than python. The predominant reason to rely on PHP is its ease of use.
In this condition, between PHP vs Python, Python is the winner.
The noteworthy frameworks are Django, Flask, Pylons, and Pyramid.
The noteworthy frameworks are Codeigniter, Zend, Laravel, Symfony.
There is no such winner in this comparison between PHP or Python.
Python has an easy to understand syntax that developers can relate to human language.
On the other hand, PHP is a little uncommon compared to Python. However, it has a vast naming convention.
Python wins this race of Python vs PHP, as it is easier to learn and work on.
Python is an all-purpose, object-oriented programming language. It is similar to Java, C++, etc.
PHP is a programming language that modern web developers use to build web pages using PHP script.
The comparison shows the difference Between PHP and Python in terms of language type. They both have their purposes to exist in the industry.
In the popularity index, Python rapidly soared after 2016.
As per stack overflow, between PHP and Python, PHP is losing popularity.
Undoubtedly, Python, which is widely known, is the more popular language. So, in the battle of Python vs PHP for Web Development, Python wins here.
Python programming language is widely popular and is sharing the same support from programmers as PHP.
Between PHP and Python, PHP offers exceptional community support. It is more popular as it had made a name for itself being in the market for quite some time.
PHP is scoring as a programming language with better customer support.
Installing Python is a complicated process for users with OS other than Windows. Most python versions refuse to run on these platforms.
However, users can install Python on Windows with ease.
They should first download a Windows package manager like Chocolatey.
Developing a meager application using PHP is always advantageous. Not only is the installation process simple, but it also runs smoothly on other OSs like Windows and Linux. Quick installation also happens as it is shared in many hosting sites at a small fee.
PHP wins this. It is easier to install on almost any platform.
Python has a heavy claim over PHP on Library Management.
Python uses Pip to handle packages. Pip ensures that developing an app using Python is easy, speedy, and the prerequisites of development are met.
PHP’s library management isn’t as strong as Python.
PHP 7 comes with a great tool called Composer, which is enriched with features. It is paired with another tool called Packagist that is closely similar to Python’s library manager, but not equally strong.
As a final word, we can say that if we compare Python with PHP, Python has a more expansive assortment of packages and simple handy tools for easy development.
Python maintains its position as the best programming language to manage environments.
The Virtualenv system in Python helps to install multiple versions of the language parallelly and shift between them instantly.
Virtualenv is the pioneer environment manager in Python which developers have used for over a decade.
PHP is not able to compete with python here. An analogue for PHP called virtPHP is present but it is archived and not quite maintained anymore. That is why developers prefer using containers with PHP.
Using containers with PHP script adds to the list of advantages for developers in building and deploying. Unfortunately, it is not suitable for all environments. If an environment does not support a container, then PHP is a con there.
One more point goes to Python.
Developers always seek growth in the language they work on. Python provides myriad built-in data types that they use in every project.
With Python, it is important to learn to use the right tool for a specific job. It is still challenging for some but it’s usually for most people to have a positive growth learning python.
PHP enjoys the best of both worlds in this comparison. It has an array theory, which is a combination of Python’s file and dictionary data types.
Developers working with PHP can understand how to work with array functions in PHP. This has a negative impact as well because PHP requires the implementation of other more focused data types.
It’s more equivocal now if we have to answer which is better PHP or Python. One point to each as learning is infinite.
Speed and agility is an issue when it comes to Python. When a project is made using python, many things run slow. However, there a lot of Python Performance Tips that you can utilize to overcome this issue.
Slacking database queries delay the performance of the application. Python relies on numerous network queries and reading disk information which ultimately bogs up the process.
PHP 7 is very fast compared to its predecessors. However, PHP restarts the entire application whenever there is a new web request. It is troublesome when developers operate an application sharing resources and across requests.
Between Python vs PHP Speed, PHP comes out triumphant.
PHP and Python possess tremendous debuggers that integrate directly with IDEs like Visual Studio Code or PyCharm. If you’re writing Python, all you have to do is push the “debug” button and you’re off to the races.
In PHP, debugging PHP requires an initial setup at work. It’s not a daunting task and any PHP debugger could manage it with ease.
Python for sure.
Python does not have that problem where an old comment persists. To ease this problem, Python does not allow documentation. Their documentation is free from technical jargon, making it easier for people to comprehend.
PHP has a unique feature called documentation. It is a collection of the innate features of PHP. The comments of the developer community explain complex concepts properly.
These comments, however, do not delete and stay forever. Even if the PHP version changes, the comments remain the same which makes it difficult for a newbie to understand the solution.
Unanimously python is the winner here.
Python, as we mentioned, is fast and powerful. Python’s Just-In-Time compiler beats PHP with its speed.
Once we compile the files in JIT, there is no further need to recompile them again. If you’re using the Django framework, analyze the Django Performance Tips in detail
Older versions of PHP such as PHP 5 were very slow. However, PHP 7 brought a sea change with sped up speeds. Following PHP 7, the release of Zend Engine 3.0 took place that made PHP 7 twice as fast as its predecessor.
The winner is PHP, all thanks to Zend Engine 3.0 of PHP 7. However, we acknowledge that PHP defeats Python quite marginally.
Modern Web applications are not simple portals or websites for learning. Involvement of AI is essential in these applications. Businesses use AI and machine learning algorithms to identify their users accurately, in specific domains of their business.
Uber’s ML platform called Michelangelo PyML is used with Python. Developers validate models with it for full performance and scalability.
PHP has much less powerful libraries compared to python and is not equally versatile.
Python scores another point.
To review the blog, in conclusion, we can say that, both Python and PHP are not grossly dissimilar. Sometimes, we see that Python is better than PHP, while some other times, PHP is the winner.
A knowledgeable PHP programmer should stick to the subject for further development. A beginner who wants to learn back-end development can start with Python and Python-based frameworks. Both these programming languages are useful in the long run.
We hope you had a great time reading this article. It will be useful to any IT company that is thinking about PHP or Python. Thank You.!
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