In the world of web development, front-end and back-end are two of the most popular terms. While these terms may be pivotal for development of an app or a website, they are strikingly different from each other. Today, we will analyze Front End vs Back End in Detail.
Both sides need to operate efficiently and communicate appropriately to come together as a single unit in order to enhance the functionality of a website. Technology Stack For Web App Development also takes these two into consideration. So, you should know about it.
Programming includes an extensive range of topics and skills, and those interested in building a career in this industry may find it challenging to find the perfect role for themselves.
This article will cover in-depth details about Front End vs Back End development, the technologies used, skills that a developer needs to possess and the average salaries that they can expect.
Let’s get started.
What is Front End?
Front end, also known as the “client-side” of the application is the part of the website that the user sees and interacts with.
One should hire dedicated developer for developing the front-end of their application.
Everything that the user sees when they open a website or a mobile app including the design, structure, content, and behavior is implemented by experienced developers and for that purpose, you need to hire Front End Developers.
When it comes to Front End vs Back End, it is important to note that performance and responsiveness are the two crucial objectives of front end.
The developer has to ensure that the pages appear accurately on devices regardless of their size.
Front End Languages
The front end is designed using the following languages:
HTML or HyperText Markup Language is a language used to develop the front end of web pages. It’s a combination of Markup and Hypertext language.
The Markup language helps define the text documentation within the tag that expounds the web page’s structure. The Hypertext on the other hand is used to define the connection between the web pages.
CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a straight-forward language designed to simplify the process of developing presentable web pages.
It allows the developer to add style to web pages while being independent of the HTML that makes the individual pages. So, it’s important to know Front-End vs Back-End difference.
Technologies Used for Front-End Development
React is a component-based, open-sourced front end library responsible for the application’s view layer.
The framework has been growing and expanding uninterruptedly that helps in providing new and creative ways for designing web applications.
It transforms the static HTML to dynamic HTML. Furthermore, being an open-source project makes it easy for everyone to use it and change it as required. The data is bound with HTML and it extends the HTML attributes with Directives.
Bootstrap is an open-source and free tool collection used for developing responsive web applications and websites.
SASS or Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets is an extension of the CSS that is robust and reliable.
It is used so as to extend the functionalities of the standard CSS of a site adding variables, nested rules, selector inheritance, mixins and more with ease.
This is achieved by DOM animations, Ajax interactions, browser event handling and cross-browser development.
Few other frameworks and libraries are:
Front End Developer Skills
When it comes to front end vs. back end, a front end developer is someone who is responsible for implementing interactive features and web designs including buttons, navigation and other components that ameliorate the overall usability.
This is done so that the users can interact comfortably with it. When you visit any website, the work of a front-end developer can be seen in the layouts, navigation and the way the site appears in your phone.
Some of the skills required for a front end developer job include:
- The ability to develop a responsive design
- A good grasp over front end programming languages
- The ability to comprehend front end development features and tools including content management systems, automation, version control systems, frameworks and APIs.
- Knowledge of testing and debugging
Some Front-End Jobs
User Interface Designer
A User Interface (UI) designer is basically a visual designer who focuses on the design of the website or web application.
They are not involved in design implementation but may know about the basics of CSS and HTML so they can convey their ideas to the front-end developers more effectively.
A web designer is an IT professional who has the responsibility of designing the layout, taking care of the visual appearance and the site’s usability. Their job title is quite broad.
It could be someone who isn’t concerned with the coding and is simply responsible for designing the website in Fireworks or Photoshop.
However, in the majority of locations, the web designer has to do all the designing as well as creating the CSS and HTML to go along with it.
User Experience Designers
The User Experience designers are professionals who work in the front end, assessing and researching about ways people use a website. Changes are then made in accordance to the results based on multiple testing.
A front-end developer, also known as front-end designer is someone who is concerned with designing a website without any knowledge about back-end development.
They create a static site where the pages almost entirely remain the same unless it needs redesigning. This kind of site could be for a hair salon or a restaurant that does not need any data to be stored in the database.
The main aim of designing a site is to make sure that the users are able to access information that is relevant and in a format that is easy to comprehend and read.
A front-end developer may or may not have any prior experience in developing the design in Photoshop or Fireworks. IT professionals who are experts in specific front-end languages are also considered front-end developers.
Front End Developer Salaries
As per recent studies, the average salary for a front-end developer in the US is nearly $119,200 and can range anywhere between $95,700 and $140,000.
The average salary in San Francisco is $149,400, $130,400 in Seattle and $144,200 in New York.
What is Back End?
Talking about frontend and backend, the server-side of any website is the backend. It is responsible for storing and arranging data while also ensuring that everyone works fine on the client-side of the site. It’s that part of a website or web app that users cannot see or interact with.
The parts and features designed by the backend professionals are accessed indirectly by the users through the front-end app.
The backend also includes activities like working with system components without scientific programming or the user interface, creating libraries and more.
You can design the back-end using the following languages:
Used by the majority of websites all over the world, PHP is a popular programming language specifically designed for developing websites.
Maintained by a reliable and active open-source community, PHP can work seamlessly across several platforms including Mac, UNIX, and Windows.
Executed on the server side, this programming language is also a server-side scripting language.
One of the most widely used programming languages; Java is for web, android, and desktop development.
While new technologies and languages may come and go, Java has proven itself time and again as a reliable language.
Not only is it highly scalable but its components are also readily available making Java a popular choice among developers.
Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup, C++ is a middle-level programming language that runs on a variety of platforms including Mac OS, Windows, and several versions of UNIX.
It is a general-purpose programming language that has gained popularity in recent times for competitive programming.
Python is an open-source programming language that has slowly emerged as one of the most important and popular languages amongst back-end developers.
Owing to its easy syntax, it allows developers to efficiently integrate systems while working quickly.
Technologies Used for Back-End Development
Software stacks including web servers, frameworks, operating systems, programming APIs, languages, and more also brought to use by the back-end developers.
All these components in the stacks used to render web applications and server-side sites and to provide services that other applications consume.
The popular back-end frameworks
Other scripting/back end program languages
Back-End Developer Skills
The back-end developers focus on the inner-workings of a website or a web application in order to design its server-side. They do this by using back-end frameworks and languages like Ruby, Rails or Java.
When comparing front end vs back end, the back-end developers are also responsible for constantly monitoring the functionality of the site and making alterations and appropriate updates as and when required. This enhances the behind-the-scenes functionality.
Some of the skills required for back end developer jobs include:
- Appropriate utilization of the framework
- Database management
- Proficient knowledge of the Programming language as well as the framework
- Knowledge of security compliance and accessibility
Some Back-End Jobs
For an IT professional to work as a back-end developer, they need to have a strong grasp over programming.
Some companies look for developers who have the ability to work with multiple languages while others might want someone who is proficient in a specific language.
A smaller organisation might want to hire a full stack developer, someone who can take care of both front-end and back-end development.
In such cases, a developer needs to be well-versed with the technicalities associated with both Backend vs Frontend development.
- Back End developer
- Full stack developer
- Java Developer
- Software Engineer
- DevOps Engineer
- iOS Developer
Back-End Developer Salary
As per studies, the average salary for a back-end developer in the US is nearly $127,200. In New York, the average salary for a back-end developer is about $141,250, $116,275 in Austin and $159,700 in San Francisco.
Quite similar to other professions, the salaries are based on the professional’s experience, education and industry. So, you can’t simply compare Backend vs Frontend on salary basis
Difference Between Frontend and Backend development
When it comes to front end vs back end, it is crucial to note that they are both the sides of the same coin.
This means that even though they are a lot different from each other, there is a connect as well.
The front-end is all about the user experiencing the visual aspects of a site. On the other hand, back-end deals with everything going on in the background.
The command line and the graphical User Interface form the part of the front-end that the users can interact with. On the contrary, the back-end is the part that the users cannot interact with.
If you are a developer and love working on designs, user interface or the visual aspect of an app, then designing the front-end of web applications is for you.
However, if you are someone who enjoys writing algorithms, solving business problems, creating APIs and services and working in the cloud, the back-end is for you.
If you enjoy both Backend vs Frontend, then a career as a full stack developer is what you should think about.
Frontend vs Backend: Summary Table
|Front-End consists of anything related to the visual and user input aspect of the website.||Back-End consists of a web server that a connection to the database.|
|Client-side application of the website.||Server-side application of the website.|
|Collects user input.||Processes user input.|
|GUI that user experiences.||The brain of the whole system.|
|Responsible for accessibility.||Responsible for backup.|
|Markup & web languages for front-end are used.||Programming & scripting languages are used|
Here, we have provided you with a in-depth comparison of Backend vs Frontend which will prove useful for any IT professional in the long run.
Both Front End and Back End are important parts of mobile app development. So, you could pick any of them as your career options based on your liking. Thank You.!